bay, Indian Ocean The Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal. The fan of sediments of the Ganges River is the widest—5 to 7 miles (8 to 11 km)—and thickest in. India is located in the southern part of Asia and borders the Arabian Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Bay of Bengal. Not far south of where the India-Pakistan border meets the ocean, the broad and short Kathiwar Peninsula The river then curves west and flows through northeast India in the Assam Valley along a narrow. This is India's Land's End, the tip of peninsular India where the Bay of Bengal, the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea meet. The confluence of these three places.
Bottom deposits Sediments in the Bay of Bengal are dominated by terrigenous deposits from the rivers, derived mainly from the Indian subcontinent and from the Himalayas.
Calcareous clays and oozes are found near the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and atop the Ninetyeast Ridge.
Economic aspects Resource exploitation The Bay of Bengal has a distinct tropical marine ecosystemand copious river drainage into the northern part of the bay and the profusion of wetlands, marshes, and mangroves increase productivity of nearshore fish species.
The exploitation of these resources is carried out by small-scale fisheries; commercial fishing in deeper waters is done largely by countries bordering the bay and by Japan. The annual catch of prawns, the major export crop, has remained stable despite intensified harvesting. Several species of tuna found in the bay also are important. Petroleum and natural-gas discoveries have been made in the Bay of Bengal, notably offshore of the Godavari and Manandi deltas.
The bay has a geologic setting similar to that of the Indus River basin and the western margin of the Indian Peninsula. Hydrocarbon resources in the Bay of Bengal generally are located in deep areas, as compared to those in the Arabian Sea.
There are placer deposits of titanium off northeastern Sri Lanka and rare earths off northeastern India.
Bay of Bengal
Heavy mineral sands occur around Nagapatnam in Tamil Nadu state on the southeastern Indian coast, near Chennai Madrasand in coastal areas around Vishakhapatnam. They consist of ilmenite, garnetsillimanite, zircon, rutile, and manganite. Transportation The principal trade routes for large tankers en route from the Persian Gulf to the Strait of Malacca pass south of the Bay of Bengal. Hence, oceanic transportation is limited to carriage of cargoes to and from Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and the east coast of India.
Sri Lankan ports of importance are Colombo and Trincomalee. Study and exploration The Periplus Maris Erythraeian early Greek manual of sailing directions written in the 1st century ad, described sailing routes from the Red Sea Maris Erythraei to coastal areas along the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal to eastern India north of the Ganges delta.
During the 2nd century ad, Ptolemy described voyages from the Ganges across the Bay of Bengal to the Strait of Malacca. It occupies most of the South Asian continent and is one of the largest countries on Earth and one of the most heavily populated.
India consists of twenty-eight states and seven union territories. Since their creation as independent countries inIndia and Pakistan have disputed ownership of the northern regions of Jammu and Kashmir, a simmering conflict that has broken into fighting between the neighbors in, andand continues to be a source of sporadic conflict.
China also occupies portions of northeastern Jammu and Kashmir that are claimed by India, which caused fighting in A line of control divides Jammu and Kashmir, excluding the eastern sector along the Siachen Glacier. The Greater Himalayan region has a dry, subarctic climate, but the valleys and outer ranges are temperate or subtropical.
Kanyakumari - where 3 seas meet and where sunrise and sunset can be seen
The inland of the peninsula ranges from subtropical to temperate. The coasts of the peninsula are humid and tropical.
India's four seasons are determined by the monsoons, a pattern of winds sweeping across southern Asia. There is a dry, cool season winter from December through March; a hot season spring in April and May; the rainy season summer from June through September; and a less-rainy season autumn in October and November.
India's weather is characterized by intense, sudden changes, such as the onset of the monsoon, flash floods, or violent thunderstorms. Rainfall varies extremely in India, from the Thar Desert which receives less than 13 centimeters five inches yearly, to Cherrapunji in the northeastern mountains, known as the world's rainiest place, with an average of 1, centimeters inches per year. Rainfall for the entire nation of India averages centimeters 41 inches.
Bay of Bengal | bay, Indian Ocean | 572233.info
Snow falls in the Himalayan area, which also produces hailstorms that sweep down over the peninsula. Dust storms affect many regions of India. The extraordinary geographic variety of India can be divided into three main regions: India's mountainous northeastern region is nearly separated from the rest of the country by Bangladesh and Nepal.
India's wonderfully diverse geographical features, encompassing everything from snowy peaks to desert to rainforest, are at risk from environmental damage, mostly due to population pressure. Many local groups have organized to fight pollution and protect wildlife. Local political parties changed the names of several well-known Indian locations during the s. Most noteworthy of these changes are the cities of Mumbai formerly BombayChennai formerly Madras and Kolkata formerly Calcuttaand the state of Bangla formerly West Bengal.
The country is situated on vital maritime trade routes between the Middle East, Africa, and East Asia. Islands and Archipelagos Two groups of islands belonging to India lie on each side of the southern tip of the country.
The areas and populations of these island chains are very small. The eastern group, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, formed from an undersea mountain range, are located in the Bay of Bengal.
The total land area of these lightly populated islands is roughly 8, square kilometers 3, square miles. They are collectively named Lakshadweep. The total area of these small coral islands is only about 50 square kilometers Most, although not all, of these low-lying small islands are occupied, and population density is high on the inhabited islands.
You can shop for shells and coir items that are for sale on the Kanyakumari beach. Kanyakumari Temple This is a temple dedicated to lord Kanyakumari, one of the incarnations of Parvati, the consort of Shiva. Kumari Amman temple is also famous for the deity adorned with the diamond nose ring that is believed to be guiding the fisherfolk and the ships sailing the sea.
The temple overlooks the shoreline and is not open for non-Hindus. The temple is open to public from to and from to Gandhi Mandapam The Gandhi Mandapam is situated very close to the Kumari Amman Temple and it is the place where the urn containing the ashes of Mahatma Gandhi was kept before a portion of which was immersed in the three seas.
The magical feature of this temple is that it is constructed in such a way that on October 2nd, the rays of the sun falls exactly on the urn. The tourists visiting this spot never miss out the Gandhi Mandapam.