How to survive a bear encounter (and what to do if it all goes wrong) | Environment | The Guardian
The damage from a slap is nothing close to the folklore that a bear can disembowel man or beast with a swipe of the paw. Black bear claws are strong for. Unless you're hiking above the Arctic Circle, you'll likely only meet one for every man, woman and child – the most common myth is that you. Although rare, attacks on humans have occurred, inflicting serious injuries and death. Each bear and each experience is unique; there is no.
Make yourselves look as large as possible for example, move to higher ground. Do NOT allow the bear access to your food.
How to survive a bear encounter (and what to do if it all goes wrong)
Getting your food will only encourage the bear and make the problem worse for others. Do NOT drop your pack as it can provide protection for your back and prevent a bear from accessing your food.
If the bear is stationary, move away slowly and sideways; this allows you to keep an eye on the bear and avoid tripping.
Moving sideways is also non-threatening to bears. Do NOT run, but if the bear follows, stop and hold your ground. Bears can run as fast as a racehorse both uphill and down. Do NOT climb a tree.bear sits next to guy
Both grizzlies and black bears can climb trees. Leave the area or take a detour. If this is impossible, wait until the bear moves away. Always leave the bear an escape route.
Be especially cautious if you see a female with cubs; never place yourself between a mother and her cub, and never attempt to approach them. The chances of an attack escalate greatly if she perceives you as a danger to her cubs. Bear Attacks Bear attacks are rare; most bears are only interested in protecting food, cubs, or their space.
How to survive a bear attack | MNN - Mother Nature Network
However, being mentally prepared can help you have the most effective reaction. Every situation is different, but below are guidelines on how brown bear attacks can differ from black bear attacks.
Help protect others by reporting all bear incidents to a park ranger immediately. Above all, keep your distance from bears! Spread your legs to make it harder for the bear to turn you over. Remain still until the bear leaves the area.
Fighting back usually increases the intensity of such attacks. However, if the attack persists, fight back vigorously.
How dangerous are black bears?
Use whatever you have at hand to hit the bear in the face. Try to escape to a secure place such as a car or building. Concentrate your kicks and blows on the bear's face and muzzle. This kind of attack is very rare, but can be serious because it often means the bear is looking for food and sees you as prey.
Bear Pepper Spray Bear pepper spray can be an important thing to carry when exploring the back country. It is used defensively to stop an aggressive, charging, or attacking bear.
Learn What To Do If You Encounter a Bear in the Wilderness
Make sure you select an EPA approved product that is specifically designed to stop aggressive bears. Their most common aggressive displays are merely rituals they perform when they are nervous. When I see any bluster, I feel safe. It means the bear wants to talk about the problem it has with me.
I have never had one come after me and hurt me.
The only times I have been bitten is when I initiated the contact. Black bears have killed 61 people across North America since This no longer worries me. My chances of being killed by a domestic dog, bees, or lightning are vastly greater. My chances of being murdered are 60, times greater. One of the safest places a person can be is in the woods. In working closely with wild bears, I have used bad bear manners on occasion and been slapped, but the slaps were not that damaging - usually just welts.
This was a hard slap by a mature female whose claws were fully spread to nine and a quarter inches wide. The damage from a slap is nothing close to the folklore that a bear can disembowel man or beast with a swipe of the paw.
Black bear claws are strong for climbing trees, but not sharp for holding prey.
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Grizzly bear claws are even duller because they are used for digging. A big revelation to me was how reluctant black bear mothers are to defend their cubs against people, even when the family is cornered in a den and I'm trying to stick the mother with a needle to tranquilize her.
Defense of cubs is more a grizzly bear trait. There is no record of anyone being killed by a mother black bear defending her cubs, and attacks are very rare. We routinely capture black bear cubs in the presence of mothers and have never been attacked.
Black bears are so timid today partly because they evolved alongside such powerful predators as saber-toothed cats, American lions, dire wolves and short-faced bears, all of which became extinct only about 12, years ago. Black bears were the only one of these that could climb trees, so black bears survived by staying near trees and developing the attitude: The timid ones passed on their genes to create the black bear of today.
That timid attitude still serves black bears well now that people have spread across North America. Startled black bears run away, often to a tree. By contrast, a startled grizzlies may charge and occasionally attack, making grizzlies over 20 times more dangerous than black bears. What should people do if they see a black bear in the wild? We like to make ourselves inconspicuous to watch them longer before they discover us and run.
To make the bear run away, step out and wave and say "Hi, I'm a human! Fearful people usually tell us "I ran one way and the bear ran the other. Offensive attacks are very rare and include all of the killings by black bears. These are generally unprovoked predatory attacks in remote areas where bears have the least contact with people.