Explorers for Kids: Sacagawea
Sacagawea: Sacagawea, Shoshone Indian woman who, as interpreter, at the present-day Idaho-Montana border [U.S.]—died December 20, ?, The Lewis and Clark journals generally support the Hidatsa derivation. – ) accompanied the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis and Clark named a branch of the Missouri for Sacagawea several days later. Clark. 572233.info casts a light on Sacagawea, Shoshone interpreter, and the only Indians in the upper Missouri River area (present-day North Dakota). Lewis and Clark met Charbonneau and quickly hired him to serve as.
Prints available at www. It is Sunday, 11 November As the men of the Corps of Discovery work steadily to complete the construction of Fort Mandan before the coming Northern Plains winter—heralded by the cacaphony of two flocks of southbound Canada geese— Toussaint Charbonneau and his two wives, both of the Snake Shoshone nation, come to call.
Lewis and Clark Meet Sacagawea
While Lewis's Newfoundland dogSeamanlooks on, Charbonneau presents "4 buffalow Robes" as gifts, according to Sergeant Ordway's journal for the day.
This most likely was Lewis and Clark's first encounter with the woman who was to play a significant role in the success of the Expedition, not as a guide, as the old legend has it, but as an interpreter—with Charbonneau's help—between the captains and her people. Her name is Sacagawea, a teen-age girl about 17 years of age who was captured by Hidatsa warriors at the Three Forks of the Missouri when she was about 12, and raised through puberty in Metaharta, a Hidatsa village at the mouth of the Knife River.
In the cage at Lewis's right a magpie adds its raucous voice to the morning's general clatter and chatter. Lewis will ship it back to President Jefferson on the keelboat the following spring. She appeared in the captains' journals four times before her name was given. She was with the expedition for just over 16 of the 28 months of the official journey. Speaking both Shoshone and Hidatsa, she served as a link in the communication chain during some crucial negotiations, but was not on the expedition's payroll.
She traveled nearly half the trail carrying her infant on her back. And, despite artistic portrayals of her pointing the way, she "guided" only a few times.
Still, Sacagawea remains the third most famous member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. In the fall ofSacagawea was around seventeen years old, the pregnant second wife of French Canadian trader Toussaint Charbonneauand living in Metaharta, the middle Hidatsa village on the Knife River of western North Dakota.
Born into a tribe of Shoshones who still live on the Salmon River in the state of Idaho, she had been among a number of women and children captured by Hidatsas who raided their camp near the Missouri River's headwaters about five years previously.
Both of Charbonneau's wives were captured Shoshones. Charbonneau hired Move to top Not long after the captains selected their winter site forthe Charbonneau family went a few miles south to the Mandan villages to meet the strangers. Clark's journal entry of November 11,mentioned them impersonally: Both men and their Indian wives moved into Fort Mandan.
Jean Baptiste's birth Move to top At dusk on February 11,Sacagawea's difficult first childbirth produced a healthy boy, who would be named Jean Baptiste after his grandfather.
Lewis and Clark . Inside the Corps . The Corps . Sacagawea | PBS
Whether this medicine was truly the cause or not I shall not undertake to determine, but I was informed that she had not taken it more than ten minutes before she brought forth. I must confess that I want faith as to it's efficacy. We see that Lewis neither was directly present at nor assisting in the birth, as he often has been credited, and that the scientific question raised was of more interest to him.
Sah-kah-gar we a" Historian Gary Moulton speculates that the name may have been added later, after Clark became better acquainted with her. It is appropriate that Clark was the first to refer to her by name, because he developed much more of a protective friendship with the young mother and her child than did Lewis.
The captains and Drouillard shared the Charbonneaus' leather tipi until it rotted away late inso both captains knew her well. Historians generally believe that Sacagawea joined the Expedition because her husband had been hired as a translator. Still, Sacagawea contributed significantly to the success of the journey.
Simply because she was a woman, Sacagawea helped the Corps. Among the tribes the explorers met, her presence dispelled the notion that the group was a war party. A woman with a party of men is a token of peace. The Corps was eager to find the Shoshone and trade with them for horses.
The success of the journey hinged on finding the tribe: Recognizing landmarks in her old neighborhoodSacagawea reassured the explorers that the Shoshone - and their horses - would soon be found. When the Expedition did meet the Shoshone, Sacagawea helped the Corps communicate, translating along with her husband. As the Corps traveled eastward inreturning to St.
Louis, they stopped again at the Mandan and Hidatsa villages. There Sacagawea and her family ended their journey. Although opinions differ, it is generally believed that she died at Fort Manuel Lisa near present-day Kenel, South Dakota. At the time of her death she was not yet