Department of mphule : University of Pune
These thoughts spread by several channels: education, the press, pamphlets and .. Jyotiba Phule challenged the legitimacy of the Hindu Social order based on him a lay in Baroda State Service and arranged for him to meet the prince. In a dinner was organized in honor of the Duke of Connaught at Poona. In , Mahatma Jotiba Phule suffered a stroke, which rendered the right side of On 24th September , Jotiba Phule convened a meeting of his followers Standing for the Freedom of Press – On 30th November , the President If the Duke of Connaught was really interested in finding out the. will reach to 57% by that is equal to more than 1 billion with+17, +5%, +4, +4, and +2 respectively(572233.info business districts in India, exceeded only by Delhi's Connaught .. Prince of Wales Museum .. Warkaris, Samartha Ramdas, Mahatma Phule, Lokmanya Tilak.
On 3 Julyhe founded a girls' school in which eight girls were admittedon the first day. Steadily the number of student increased.
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Savitribai taught in this school also and had to suffer a lot because of hostility of the orthodox people. Tow more school for these classes were subsequently added.
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I continued to work in them for nearly nine to ten years'. Jotirao was aware that primary education among the masses in the Bombay Presidency was very much neglected. He argued that 'a good deal of their poverty, their want of self-reliance, their entire dependence upon the learned and intelligent classes' could be attribute to the British Government for spending profusely a lar portion of revenue on the education of the higher classes.
Jotirao boldly attacked the stranglehold of the Brahmins, who prevented others from having access to all the avenues of Knowledge and influence.
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He denounced them as cheats and hypocrites. He asked the masses to resist the tyranny of the Brahmins. All his writings were variation on this theme. His critics made fun of his ignorance of grammar and philology, his inelegant language and far-fetched interpretation of Indian history and the ancient texts. They brushed his criticism aside by saying that he was merely echoing what the Christian missionaries had said about the Indian society in general and Brahmin in particular.
The established scholars in his time did not take Phule's arguments seriously. His critics did not realise that Jotirao's acrimonious criticism was basically a spontaneous outburst of a genuine concern for the equal rights of human beings Emotionally he was so deeply involved in his work that he could not make a dispassionate analysis and take a detached view of the social forces.
Jotirao's deep sense of commitment to basic human values made it difficult for him to restrain himself when he witnessed injustice and atrocities committed in the name of religion by those who were supposed to be its custodians. Widow remarriages were banned and child-marriage was very common among the Brahmin and other upper castes in the then Hindu society. Many widows were young and not all of them could live in a manner in which the orthodox people expected them to live.
Some of the delinquent widows resorted to abortion or left their illegitimate children to their fate by leaving them on the streets. Out of pity for the orphans, jotirao Phule established an orphanage, possible the first such institution founded by a Hindu. Jotirao gave protection to pregnant widows and assured them that the orphanage would take care of their children.
It was in this orphanage run by Jotirao that a Brahmin widow gave birth to a boy in and Jotirao adopted him as his son. For sometime, Jotirao worked as a contractor for the government and supplied building material required for the construction of a huge barrage at Khadakvasala near Poona. He had a direct experience of working with the officials of the Public Works Department which was notorious as a hotbed of corruption.
Except the British officers holding very high positions in the Department. Jotirao felt in necessary to explain to the workers how they were duped by the Brahmin officials. In his controversial book called Slavery published in JuneJotirao included a manifesto which declared that he was willing to dine with all regardless of their caste, creed or country of origin.
It is significant that several newspapers refused to give publicity to the manifesto because of its contents. The book is written in the form of a dialogue. After tracing the history of the Brahmin domination in India, Jotirao examined the motives and objects of cruel and inhuman laws framed by the brahmins. Their main object in fabricating these fasehoods was to dupe the minds of the ignorant and rivet firmly on them the chains of perpetual bondage and slavery which their selfishness and cunning had forged, The severity of the laws as affecting the Sudras and the intense hatred with which they were regarded by the Brahmins can be explained on no other supposition but that there was, originally between the two, a deadly feud arising from the advent of the latter in to this land.
On 24 SeptemberJotirao convened a meeting of his followers and admirers and it was decided to form the 'Satya Shodhak Samaj' Society of Seekers of Truth with Jotirao as its first president and treasurer.
Every member had to take pledge of loyalty to the British Empire. The main objectives of the organisation were to liberate the Shudras and Ati Shudras and to prevent their exploitation by the Brahmins. All the members of the Satya Shodhak Samaj were expected to treat all human being as children of God and worship the Creator without the help of any mediator.
Membership was open to all and the available evidence proves that some Jews were admitted as members. Jotirao refused to regard the Vedas as sacrosanct.
He opposed idolatry and denounced the chaturvarnya. In his book Sarvajanik Satya Dharma Pustak published inhis views on religious and social issues are given in the form of a dialogue. According to him,both men and women were entitled to enjoy equal rights and it was a sin to discriminate between human being on the basis of sex.
He stressed the unity of man and envisaged a society based on liberty, equality and fraternity. He was aware that religious bigotry and aggressive natioalism destroy the unity of man. In Jotirao was nominated as a member of the Poona Municipality, He tried to help the people in the famine-stricken areas of Maharashtra when a severe famine in forced people in the rural area to leave their villages.
Some of them had to leave their children behind and appeal issued on 17 May by Jotirao indicates that the Victoria Orphanage was founded under the auspices of the Satya Shodhak Samaj to took after these unfortunate children.
From the beginning of the year Krishnarao Bhalekar, one of his colleagues, edited a weekly called Deenbandhu which was the organ f the Satya Shodhak Samaj. The weekly articulated the grievances of the peasants and workers. Deenbandhu defended Jotirao when Vishnushastri Chiplunkar, a powerful spokesmen of the conservative nationalists, attacked Jotirao's writing in the most vitriolic style. Narayan Meghaji Lokhande was another prominent colleague of Jotirao, Lokhande is acclaimed as the Father of Trade Union Movement in India From onward, he look over the management of Deenbabdhu which published from Bombay.
Jotirao also addressed the meetings of the textile workers in Bombay.
22 Things You Most Likely Didn’t Know About Jotiba Phule
It is significant that before and his colleagues Bhalekar and Lokhande tried to organise the peasants and the workers, no such attempt was made by any organisation to redress their grievances. At Bombay, inMahatma Jotiba Phule emphasised that the lower castes should organise their ritualistic and religious activities themselves so that the role of the Brahmin priest becomes redundant.
Mahatma Jyotiba Phule asked economic assistance from Government for his educational institutions. First schools for the untouchables and girls were started by Phule couple.
At a time when even the shadow of untouchables was considered impure when the people were unwilling to offer water to thirsty untouchables, Savitribai Phule and Mahatma Jotiba Phule opened the well in their house for the use of untouchables.
First ever infanticide prohibition home of India was started by Phule couple. Infirst ever orphanage home was started by Jotiba Phule and Savitribai Phule, hence gave protection to pregnant widows who were demonised in the society. Jotiba Phule published Powada: Gulamgiri is one of the famous works of Jotiba Phule.
On 16th NovemberMajor Candy felicitated Jotiba Phule for his contribution in the field of education. On 18 July When the Government wanted to grant more licences for liquor-shops, Jotirao condemned this move, as he believed that addiction to liquor would ruin many poor families. Standing for the Freedom of Press — On 30th Novemberthe President of the Poona Municipality requested the members to approve his proposal of spending one thousand rupees on the occasion of the visit of Lord Lytton, the Governor-General of India.
The officials wanted to present him an address during his visit to Poona. Lytton had passed an Act, which resulted in gagging the press, and Deenbandhu, the organ of the Satya Shodhak Samaj, had protested against the restrictions on the right to freedom of the press.
Jotirao did not like the idea of spending the money of the taxpayers in honouring a guest like Lytton. He boldly suggested that the amount could be very well spending on the education of the poor people in Poona.Breaking News - U.S. TV Networks All In For Wedding of Prince Harry and His American Bride
He was the only member out of all the thirty-two nominated members of the Poona Municipality who voted against the official resolution. Dressed like a peasant, Jotirao attended the function and made a speech. He commented on the rich invitees who displayed their wealth by wearing diamond-studded jewellery and warned the visiting dignitaries that the people who had gathered there did not represent India.
If the Duke of Connaught was really interested in finding out the condition of the Indian subjects of Her Majesty the Queen of England, Jotirao suggested that he ought to visit some nearby villages as well as the areas in the city occupied by the untouchables. He requested the Duke of Connaught who was a grandson of Queen Victoria to convey his message to her and made a strong plea to provide education to the poor people.
These are just a tip of the iceberg things what Jotiba Phule did in his life. We will bring more about Jotiba Phule in our future posts.