Harpers Ferry National Historical Park - Wikipedia
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, Harpers Ferry Picture: Point where Potomac and Shenandoah River meet - Check out TripAdvisor. Harpers Ferry National Historical Park is located at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers in and around Harpers Ferry, West Virginia . points of interest are clustered where the Shenandoah River meets the Potomac River. He was referring to the point where the Shenandoah River transitions into the Potomac River. Standing there, gazing at the same view, I think.
The "Staircase," a popular section of the river for experienced canoeists, is formed from remnants of rock layers that at one time were flat, but now stand on end.
Hard rock layers have resisted the river's erosion, and there are few soft rock layers to erode into channels. Attempts to tame the wild Shenandoah, or at least sidestep its rapids, were made as early as The Patowmack Company built a bypass canal, feet long, dropping 17 feet through two locks. The canal was known as the Shenandoah Navigation, and some sections of the old canal are still visible.
In the s, the old canal was harnessed to power mills on Virginius Island, now a preserved part of the Harpers Ferry National Historical Park. An old rubble dam in the Shenandoah marks the entrance to the Patowmack Canal; much of the rest of the canal has been silted in.
Virginius Island during its heyday featured a large cotton mill powered by the waters of the Shenandoah. The cotton mill became a flour mill inand operated until the record flood, which inundated it.
Bull Falls, about 1. It is a five-foot ledge that provides several passages for experienced whitewater canoeists. It is an exciting 4.
West Virginia/Maryland: Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Employing at times up to workers, the armory produced over half a million muskets and rifles between and Marines attacking John Brown's "Fort" Main article: Brown had hoped he would be able to arm the slaves and lead them against U. After his capture in the armory by a group of Marines led by U.Shenandoah Rivers Flows North Emptying into the Potomac at Harpers Ferry
Army Colonel Robert E. LeeBrown was hanged, predicting in his last words that civil war was looming on the horizon, a prediction that came true less than two years later. The most important building remaining from John Brown's raid is the firehouse, now called John Brown's Fortwhere he resisted the Marines.
The strategic position along this border and the valuable manufacturing base was a coveted strategic goal for both sides, but particularly the South due to its lack of manufacturing centers. Consequently, the town exchanged hands no less than eight times during the course of the war.
West Virginia/Maryland: Harpers Ferry National Historical Park (U.S. National Park Service)
Union forces abandoned the town immediately after the state of Virginia seceded from the Union, burning the armory and seizing 15, rifles. Jacksonwho would later become known as "Stonewall", secured the region for the Confederates a week later and shipped most of the manufacturing implements south.
Jackson spent the next two months preparing his troops and building fortificationsbut was ordered to withdraw south and east to assist P. Beauregard at the First Battle of Bull Run. Union troops returned in force, occupying the town and began to rebuild parts of the armory.
Stonewall Jackson, now a major generalreturned in September under orders from Robert E.
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Lee to retake the arsenal and then to join Lee's army north in Maryland. Jackson's assault on the Federal forces there, during the Battle of Harpers Ferry led to the capitulation of 12, Union troops, which was the largest number of Union prisoners taken at one time during the war. The town exchanged hands several more times over the next two years.