Alexander the Great Biography - family, children, parents, death, history, wife, mother, young, son
Philip walked in to find Olympias sleeping with snakes, which basically brought an end to their relationship. Olympias was known to be a. Alexander's Relationships Alexander and Philip "Macedonia is too small for you." Plutarch Sign of things to come? " from one couch to another. Alexander III of Macedon was admired during his lifetime for treating all his lovers humanely. To encourage a relationship with a woman, King Philip and Olympias were said to have brought in a high-priced Thessalian courtesan named.
The generals agreed and proclaimed him king, making Alexander the ruler of Macedon. In order to secure his throne, Alexander then killed everyone who could have a possible claim to the kingship. Although he was the king of Macedon, Alexander did not automatically gain control of the Corinthian League. Some Greek states rejoiced at Philip's murder, and Athens wanted to rule the League.
Throughout Greece independence movements arose. Immediately Alexander led his armies to Greece to stop these movements. The Greek states quickly recognized him as their leader, while Sparta still refused to join. The League gave Alexander unlimited military powers to attack Persia, a large kingdom to the east of Greece.
Asian campaign In October B. Alexander returned to Macedon and prepared for his Persian expedition. In the early spring of Alexander's army met Darius's army for the first time. Alexander's army defeated the Persians and continued to move west. Darius's capital at Sardis fell easily, followed by the cities of Miletus and Halicarnassus. The territories Alexander conquered formed the foundations of his Asian empire. By autumn Alexander had crossed the southern coast of Asia Minor now Turkey.
According to tradition, whoever undid the intricate Gordian Knot would become ruler of Asia. Many people began to believe that Alexander had godlike powers and was destined to rule Asia. Then in Alexander moved his forces east and the two kings met in battle at the city of Issus.
Alexander was outnumbered but used creative military formations to beat Darius's forces.
Alexander's and Philip's Relationship by Aidan O'Malley on Prezi
Alexander then attacked the Persian royal camp where he gained lots of riches and captured the royal family. He treated Darius's wife, mother, and three children with respect.
With Darius's army defeated, Alexander proclaimed himself king of Asia. As a result of the defeat, Darius wanted to sign a truce with Alexander.
He offered a large ransom for his family, a marriage alliance, a treaty of friendship, and part of his empire. Alexander ignored Darius's offer because he wanted to conquer all of Asia.
Campaign in Egypt Alexander then pushed on into Egypt. Egypt fell to Alexander without resistance, and the Egyptians hailed him as their deliverer from Persian domination. In every country, Alexander respected the local customs, religions, and citizens.
In Egypt he sacrificed to the local gods and the Egyptian priesthood recognized him as pharaoh, or ruler of ancient Egypt. They hailed Alexander as a god. Alexander then worked to bring Greek culture to Egypt.
More fighting in Persia In September B.
Alexander defeated the Persians at the Battle of Gaugamela. The Persian army collapsed, and again Darius fled. Instead of chasing after him, Alexander explored Babylonia, which was the region that Darius had abandoned.
Relationship between Alexander the Great and his father, | elink
The land had rich farmlands, palaces, and treasures. To prevent an uprising, Alexander burned Persepolis.
- Relationship between Alexander the Great and his father, Philip
- Alexander the Great Biography
In the spring of he marched to Darius's last capital, Ecbatana modern Hamadan. There Alexander set off in pursuit of Darius. By the time Alexander caught up with Darius in JulyDarius's assistants had assassinated him. Alexander ordered a royal funeral with honors for his enemy. As Darius's successor, Alexander captured the assassins and punished them according to Persian law. Alexander was now the king of Persia, and he began to wear Persian royal clothing.
Personal relationships of Alexander the Great
As elsewhere, Alexander respected the local customs. He conquered the region, built cities, and established colonies of Macedonians. In the spring of B. Alexander married Oxyartes's daughter Rhoxana to hold together his Eastern empire more closely in a political alliance. In the summer of Alexander marched toward India.
In northern India, he defeated the armies of King Porus. Impressed with his bravery and nobility, Alexander allowed Porus to remain king and gained his loyalty. Campaspe became a generic poetical pseudonym for a man's mistress. Barsine[ edit ] Barsine was a noble Persiandaughter of Artabazusand wife of Memnon. After Memnon's death, several ancient historians have written of a love affair between her and Alexander.
Plutarch writes, "At any rate Alexander, so it seems, thought it more worthy of a king to subdue his own passions than to conquer his enemies, and so he never came near these women, nor did he associate with any other before his marriage, with the exception only of Barsine.
This woman, the widow of Memnon, the Greek mercenary commander, was captured at Damascus. She had received a Greek education, was of a gentle disposition, and could claim royal descent, since her father was Artabazus who had married one of the Persian kings daughters. These qualities made Alexander the more willing he was encouraged by Parmenioso Aristobulus tells us to form an attachment to a woman of such beauty and noble lineage.
Hence it was that he first began to indulge in luxurious and splendid banquets, and fell in love with his captive Barsine for her beauty, by whom he had afterwards a son that he called Heracles. The boy would have been Alexander's only child born during his lifetime Roxane's son was born posthumously.
Even if Alexander had ignored him, which seems highly unlikely, the Macedonian Army and the successors would certainly have known of him, and would almost certainly have drawn him into the succession struggles which ensued upon Alexander's death. Yet we first hear of the boy twelve years after Alexander's death, when a boy was produced as a claimant to the throne. Alexander's illegitimate son would have had more rights to the throne than his illegitimate  half-brother.
Heracles played a brief part in the succession battles, and then disappeared. It seems more likely that the romance with Barsine was invented by the boy's backers to validate his parentage.
Robin Lane Fox writes, "Roxana was said by contemporaries to be the most beautiful lady in all Asia. She deserved her name of Roshanakmeaning 'little star', probably rokhshana or roshana which means light and illuminating in Persian.
Marriage to a local noble's family made sound political sense.
But contemporaries implied that Alexander, aged 28, also lost his heart. A wedding-feast for the two of them was arranged high on one of the Sogdian rocks.Alexander the Great History Channel Documentary