HORUS, ANUBIS, OSIRIS, & THOTH - Think-AboutIt
Once upon a time, a long time ago when the earth was new and everything was just beginning, the earth was covered with water. An egg floated on the water. Early in Egyptian history, before Osiris became an important God. Anubis used to answer the prayers of the dead before Osiris did. Anubis was the first person to. The most commonly encountered family relationship describes Horus as the son of Isis and Osiris, and as Osiris's heir and the rival to Set. Horus was the god of.
According to the myth, Osiris was a king of Egypt who was murdered and dismembered by his brother Seth. His wife, Isis, reassembled his body and resurrected him, allowing them to conceive a son, the god Horus. He was represented as a mummified king, wearing wrappings that left only the green skin of his hands and face exposed. Photograph by Lisa O'Hara.
Over time she grew in importance, though, eventually becoming the most important goddess in the pantheon. As the devoted wife who resurrected Osiris after his murder and raised their son, Horus, Isis embodied the traditional Egyptian virtues of a wife and mother.
Path of the Gods
As the wife of the god of the underworld, Isis was also one of the main deities concerned with rites for the dead. Along with her sister Nephthys, Isis acted as a divine mourner, and her maternal care was often depicted as extending to the dead in the underworld.
Isis was one of the last of the ancient Egyptian gods to still be worshipped. In the Greco-Roman period she was identified with the Greek goddess Aphrodite and her cult spread as far west as Great Britain and as far east as Afghanistan.
It is believed that depictions of Isis with the infant Horus influenced Christian imagery of Mary with the infant Jesus.
He was also the embodiment of the divine kingship, and in some eras the reigning king was considered to be a manifestation of Horus. According to the Osiris myth, Horus was the son of Isis and Osiris, magically conceived after the murder of Osiris by his brother Seth. One tradition holds that Horus lost his left eye fighting with Seth, but his eye was magically healed by the god Thoth.
Seth Seth was the god of chaos, violence, deserts, and storms. In the Osiris myth, he is the murderer of Osiris in some versions of the myth, he tricks Osiris into laying down in a coffin and then seals it shut.
He is often depicted as an animal or as a human with the head of an animal. Wadjet was a solar deity and this symbol began as her all-seeing eye. In early artwork, Hathor is also depicted with this eye. The Wedjat or Eye of Horus is "the central element" of seven " goldfaiencecarnelian and lapis lazuli " bracelets found on the mummy of Shoshenq II.
Egyptian and Near Eastern sailors would frequently paint the symbol on the bow of their vessel to ensure safe sea travel.
In these battles, Horus came to be associated with Lower Egypt, and became its patron. According to The Contendings of Horus and Seth, Set is depicted as trying to prove his dominance by seducing Horus and then having sexual intercourse with him.
However, Horus places his hand between his thighs and catches Set's sementhen subsequently throws it in the river so that he may not be said to have been inseminated by Set. Horus then deliberately spreads his own semen on some lettucewhich was Set's favorite food. After Set had eaten the lettuce, they went to the gods to try to settle the argument over the rule of Egypt.
The gods first listened to Set's claim of dominance over Horus, and call his semen forth, but it answered from the river, invalidating his claim. Then, the gods listened to Horus' claim of having dominated Set, and call his semen forth, and it answered from inside Set. Horus falcon, after BCE. Original in the Department of Ancient Egypt and Sudan, British Museum However, Set still refused to relent, and the other gods were getting tired from over eighty years of fighting and challenges.
Horus and Set challenged each other to a boat race, where they each raced in a boat made of stone. Horus and Set agreed, and the race started. But Horus had an edge: Set's boat, being made of heavy stone, sank, but Horus' did not. Horus then won the race, and Set stepped down and officially gave Horus the throne of Egypt.
This division can be equated with any of several fundamental dualities that the Egyptians saw in their world. He received the mummy into the tomb and performed the Opening of the Mouth ceremony and then conducted the soul in the Field of Celestial Offerings.
Horus - Wikipedia
Most importantly though, Anubis monitored the Scales of Truth to protect the dead from deception and eternal death. This role was usurped by Osiris as he rose in popularity. The god of embalming is probably associated with the jackel due to the habits of jackels to lurk about tombs and graves. One of the reasons the early Egyptians sought to make their tombs more elaborate was to keep the bodies safe from the jackels lingering about the graves.
It is only natural therefore that a god of mummification would be connected with them. By worshipping Anubis, the Egyptians hoped to invoke him to protect their deceased from jackels, and later, the natural decay that unprotected bodies endure.
Anubis was the son of Nephthys: One myth says that Nephthys got Osiris drunk and the resultant seduction brought forth Anubis. Yet another says she disguised herself as Isis and seduced Osiris and subsequently gave birth to Anubis. Abydos, Busiris and Heliopolis Myths: He was a god-king who was believed to have given Egypt civilization. He was married to his sister, Isis. He was also the father of Horus and Anubis. These traditions state that Nephthys mother of Anubis assumed the form of Isis, seduced him perhaps with wine and she became pregnant with Anubis.
The oldest religious texts refer to Osiris as the great god of the dead, and throughout these texts it is assumed that the reader will understand that he once possessed human form and lived on earth. As the first son of Geb, the original king of Egypt, Osiris inherited the throne when Geb abdicated.
At this time the Egyptians were barbarous cannibals and uncivilized. Osiris saw this and was greatly disturbed.
Therefore, he went out among the people and taught them what to eat, the art of agriculture, how to worship the gods, and gave them laws. Thoth helped him in many ways by inventing the arts and sciences and giving names to things.
Having civilized Egypt, Osiris traveled to other lands, leaving Isis as his regent, to teach other peoples what he taught the Egyptians. They then threw the coffin in which he was murdered into the Nile, with his divine body still inside.
Isis once again found every part of his body, save his phallus it had been eaten by the now-cursed Nile fish. She magically re-assembled Osiris and resurrected him long enough to be impregnated by him so that she could give birth to the new king Horus.
Seth of course was not willing to surrender the throne of Egypt to the youthful Horus and thus a tribunal of gods met to decide who was the rightful king. The trial lasted eighty years. Osiris meanwhile had become the king of the Afterlife. His realm was said to lie beneath Nun, in the northern heavens or in the west. It is as the King of the Afterlife that Osiris gained his supreme popularity. He was originally a minor god of Middle Egypt, especially in comparison to the gods of Heliopolis and Hermopolis, etc.