BBC - Religions - Christianity: The basics of Christian beliefs
Among non-Christians, the pattern is mixed. And religious “nones” who believe in God are far less certain about this belief Christians think of God as a person with whom people can have a relationship. Originally the Jews believed that God would send a powerful messenger (the Judaism, however, does not accept the central Christian teaching that Jesus Christ of God, his covenant relationship with His people, and assembling together. The odd-sounding claim that "Christianity is not a religion", or its full version, that " Christianity is not a religion, but a relationship with God", is made by Only through faith can Christian salvation be claimed, and faith is not.
Give me such evidence as would justify me in believing in anything else, and I will believe that. Why should I not? It is not half so wonderful as the conservation of force or the indestructibility of matter It is no use to talk to me of analogies and probabilities.
I know what I mean when I say I believe in the law of the inverse squares, and I will not rest my life and my hopes upon weaker convictions That my personality is the surest thing I know may be true. But the attempt to conceive what it is leads me into mere verbal subtleties. I have champed up all that chaff about the ego and the non-ego, noumena and phenomena, and all the rest of it, too often not to know that in attempting even to think of these questions, the human intellect flounders at once out of its depth.
And again, to the same correspondent, May 6, Nevertheless I know that I am, in spite of myself, exactly what the Christian would call, and, so far as I can see, is justified in calling, atheist and infidel.
I cannot see one shadow or tittle of evidence that the great unknown underlying the phenomenon of the universe stands to us in the relation of a Father [who] loves us and cares for us as Christianity asserts. So with regard to the other great Christian dogmas, immortality of soul and future state of rewards and punishments, what possible objection can I—who am compelled perforce to believe in the immortality of what we call Matter and Force, and in a very unmistakable present state of rewards and punishments for our deeds—have to these doctrines?
Give me a scintilla of evidence, and I am ready to jump at them. Of the origin of the name agnostic to describe this attitude, Huxley gave the following account: The divinity of Christ is denied, as is also the reality of the Crucifixion. At the end of his life an attempt is made to kill Jesus, but he is delivered and raised up to heaven.
There are a number of references to Jesus in the hadith, the Traditions attributed to Muhammad.
Christianity is not a religion - RationalWiki
These show reverence for Jesus and recognise his importance, but they emphasize that he ranks after Muhammad. Muslim mystics write of Jesus as a spiritual teacher, one who emphasized fear and love of God, patience in time of trial, abandonment to God, asceticism and poverty, humility and love.
For Ibn 'Arabi d. There may be a temptation to seize some of the expressions used in the Qur' an with regard to Jesus "Word", "Spirit from God"and see them as pointers to belief in the divinity of Christ. The whole Quranic context, with its strong denial that Jesus is God, would invalidate such a procedure. When speaking about Jesus with Muslims, it would seem preferable to take as a starting point his message and from here, work back to the person and mystery of Christ.
- U.S. Public Becoming Less Religious
- Relationship with God
- Christian atheism
Hinduism Hindus, who have heard about Jesus Christ from Christian missionaries, have reacted in various ways. Some have come to admire Jesus, but without any feeling of commitment to him.
Others have come to know and love Jesus and have committed themselves to him, but within the context of Hinduism. Still others have responded to the person of Christ by seeking baptism and incorporation into the Church. Mahatma Gandhi is an example of one who greatly admired the teaching of Jesus but who, as he himself said, was not interested in the historical person of the teacher. He was particularly struck by the Sermon on the Mount.
For him Jesus, through his message, became an ethical symbol. Many Hindus have no difficulty in accepting Jesus as divine. What they find difficult is the Christian understanding that the Incarnation of God in Jesus is unique.
Jesus is often seen as the supreme example of self-realization, the goal of the Hindi dharma. He is taken to be a symbol of human progress. For some he becomes more of an ideal than a historical person. According to Hindu traditions, history always provides an imperfect knowledge of reality.
The basics of Christian beliefs
In such a context, to identify the mystery of Jesus Christ with historical fact is seen as reducing God to imperfection. Buddhism Since Buddha deliberately avoided talking about the existence or non-existence of God, it is obvious that Buddhists will have difficulty when faced with the Christian belief in Jesus as the Son of God, true God and true man.
Christianity versus other moral codes[ edit ] The problem with stating that Christianity is just another ethical framework or philosophy is that many philosophies exist because of or despite the existence of Christianity.
Also, while there is an ethical framework inherent to Christianity love thy neighbor, etc. When most people say Christianity they think of churches and the worship of Christthe Lordand the Holy Spirit. Moral codes often depend upon the reader's prior knowledge of Christianity, and assume it to be a religion.
Also, if Christianity were just another philosophy, the amount of manufactroversy related to its believers refusing to accept that the Bible isn't right about everything would probably be less, as a utilitarian is unlikely to believe that evolution goes against the will of say, Jeremy Bentham, who is often considered the founder of modern utilitarianism. And it's fairly certain that no one's claimed to be his second coming either.
Tax-exempt status of churches[ edit ] Churches in the U. If Christianity doesn't qualify as a religion, a Christian church wouldn't qualify for the tax exemption under IRC c 3and would have to pay income tax. Similar claims from other religions[ edit ] Followers from other religions will also claim not to be a religion, e. Buddhism the Buddha is not supernatural or divine or Scientology an "applied religious philosophy".We Believe God but Not the Bible
In the case of Buddhism, this could be considered correct in some cases, depending on which definition of "religion" is used.
Hinduism has several forms of worship and bhakti matches closely the Christian claim of personal relationship with Jesus. Hinduism[ edit ] Bhakti in Hinduism can take several forms, such as close friendship with the deity, the deity as a lover, or the deity as the child of the devotee. All these forms of worship are intensely personal, and are characterised by the purportedly mutual intense emotional attachment and love of a devotee toward a personal god and of the god for the devotee.
Spiritual Buddhists Buddhists who accept Buddha's supernatural concepts also, however, believe in angels and ghosts which is a result of mixture of the Buddhist philosophy with local beliefsbut not a single all-knowing, all-powerful, all-timeless, all-et cetera god.
On the other hand, if religion is defined as "the belief in God, Gods, or supernatural deities", then Buddhism is not a religion, because there are no observable gods in Buddhism.