Burdock seeds and animals relationship in the ecosystem

burdock seeds and animals relationship in the ecosystem

Plants and animals never live alone. relationship that we should all be painfully aware of is the relationship between mosquitoes and mammals, like humans. with plants, like burdock, that disperse their seeds by making them sticky. Materials and Methods. The burr-bearing plants species chosen for the current study were: Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis L.), lesser burdock ( Arctium. Commensalism is a relationship between two organisms where one receives a Burdocks - These are common weeds and dispersal of their seeds is critical to their life cycle. They can also attach to the clothing of humans. Gila woodpecker and small animals - The woodpecker makes holes in Saguaro cacti to get food.

Become a Contributor Examples of Commensalism for a Better Understanding of the Concept Commensalism being a type of symbiotic relationship between organisms, other types of symbiotic relationships include mutualism, in which both the organisms involved benefit from each other, and parasitism, where one of the organisms is benefited, while the other is harmed.

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ScienceStruck Staff Last Updated: Mar 22, Many instances of commensalism are surrounded by controversies, as there is always a possibility that the commensal host is also being benefited or harmed in some or the other 'not-yet-known' ways. However, here are some of the widely accepted examples of commensalism found in nature.

burdock seeds and animals relationship in the ecosystem

Examples of Commensalism Cattle Egrets and Livestock One of the popular examples of commensalism is the relationship between cattle egrets and livestock. The cattle egret is a common species of heron that is found in most regions of the world, and is mostly seen moving along with herds of cattle.

This bird moves about in the pastures, and follows livestock such as cattle and horses. The cattle egret eats up the insects hiding under vegetation close to the grounds, which get stirred up when the cattle walk through them. Orchids Growing on Branches of Trees Orchids belong to a family of flowering plants that form a commensal relationship with the trees. It is a well-known epiphytic plant that grows on the branches or trunks of other trees. Orchids are usually found in dense tropical forests.

They form their base of attachment on the branches of trees, and benefit by getting adequate sunlight and nutrition that flows down the branches. The orchids do not grow to a large size, and thus the host tree is not harmed in any way. Remora Fish and Sharks The remora, also called suckerfish, belongs to a family of ray-finned fish.

It is a small fish growing up to a size of 1 to 3 feet. The remora forms a special relationship with sharks and other sea organisms like whales and turtles. It has special suckers attached to its fins. It attaches itself to the bodies of sharks, and uses the shark for transportation as well as protection from its predators.

It also eats up the scraps of food that are left over when the shark eats its prey. Pseudoscorpions and Beetles Pseudoscorpions are scorpion-like insects that usually grow to less than one centimeter in length. They are different from other types of scorpions in the way that they do not have stingers. Some species of the pseudoscorpions hide themselves under the wing covers of large insects like beetles.

This gives them protection from their predators, and also provides them a means of transportation over a larger area. Because of its small size and lack of sting, it does not harm the beetle in any way.

Examples of Commensalism for a Better Understanding of the Concept

Monarch Butterfly and Milkweed The Monarch butterfly is a well-known type of butterfly found commonly in the North American region. At the larval stage, it forms a commensal relationship with certain species of milkweeds.

The milkweeds contain a poisonous chemical known as cardiac glycoside, which is harmful to almost all vertebrates. The Monarch stores these poisonous chemicals in its body throughout its lifespan.

The most obvious is the interaction between predator and prey- where the predator is trying to eat the prey species while the prey is trying to run away. Living things also interact by competition - they struggle against each other to get enough resources.

burdock seeds and animals relationship in the ecosystem

There is another form of interaction that is often less apparent. Symbiosis is any type of intimate long-term interaction between two different types of organisms. In symbiotic relationships, the two organisms aren't trying to kill each other and they aren't trying to fight over food, but they still have a significant impact on each other.

There are three types of symbiosis: In a parasitic relationship, one organism is harmed while the other benefits. It's a relationship that is very one sided.

Examples of Commensalism for a Better Understanding of the Concept

A common example of a parasitic relationship that we should all be painfully aware of is the relationship between mosquitoes and mammals, like humans. The mosquito needs to suck the blood from animals in order to lay its eggs. Without the blood, its eggs would die and no more mosquitoes could be born. The animal that is bitten is harmed because it loses some blood and has to put up with a painful mosquito bite. A more drastic example of parasites are tapeworms that spend most of their lives in the gut of their hosts.

The tapeworm steals nutrients from the food in its host's intestine; without a host, the tapeworm is unable to live.

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The host is harmed by the tapeworm because much of its food that it eats is used by the worm. The tapeworm rarely causes its host to die, but the host suffers from weight loss and decreased energy, as well as many other health problems.

burdock seeds and animals relationship in the ecosystem

Mutualism, on the other hand, is a relationship in which both organisms benefit. A classic example of a mutualistic relationship is the combination of algae and fungi, called lichens. Lichens are often mistaken for a type of moss.