We gain our first insight into Catherine and Heathcliff's early relationship through the diary that Lockwood discovers in the closet of Cathy's room at Wuthering. Cathy and Heathcliff's introduction to one another is hardly a good one. Mr. Earnshaw This has no real impact on the relationship between Cathy and . test because Heathcliff, overhearing only part of her conversation with Nelly, leaves. Amused and scornful, Heathcliff and Cathy laughed; the Lintons heard relationship––Edgar and Isabella fight, but Heathcliff and Cathy are.
How can you claim love when there is no other being to love? Finally we come to the more ambiguous aspect, the notion that love conquers all. Although Catherine and Heathcliff do have an unwavering and transcendent passion for each other, their feelings for each are not enough for them to be together on earth.
If Catherine loved Heathcliff she would have relinquished her fanciful aims for wealth and status and chosen Heathcliff over Edgar.
Heathcliff accuses her of this betrayal as he holds her, dying, in his arms: As Heathcliff grows older his need to join Catherine grows until he finally joins her in death. In this sense it does seem that their passion for each other prevailed, however not on this earth. The fact that they could only be joined in death may be evidence that their feelings could not exist in our world.
They was too extreme and too destructive to prevail in life.
Although Cathy initially scorns Hareton and rejects his kindness, she gradually grows to recognize his good heart and seeks to repair their relationship and repay his compassion. Their love finally begins when Cathy recognizes Hareton as her equal; she not only recognizes him as her cousin, but also seeks to evolve his education to the same level as hers.
Their love prospers over time because they are both willing to grow and work at it: Their love does to seem to be able to overcome obstacles and conquer all, a statement Lockwood himself makes when he sees together: The conclusion that must be drawn is that Catherine and Heathcliff did not have love. When they grew into adults there was no longer a place for their extreme passion and they had to bide their time until death could bring them together again.
Catherine, with her childish assumptions and unprecedented need for Heathcliff, can be seen as addicted to Heathcliff rather than in love with him.
Heathcliff, on the other hand, can be described as obsessed with Catherine. His childhood devotion turned into obsession, where every action he took was tied to Catherine. He continuously changed to fit what he believed she wanted of him by attempting to neaten his appearance and then disappearing for years to become wealthy and gentlemanly enough to befit her status. He restlessly sees her everywhere as she torments him more and more.
The foil of Catherine and Hareton only highlights their pseudo-love further, as Emily provides an example of what love should and can be. Catherine and Heathcliff may claim to love each other, but their lack of growth, unequal relationship, and inability to attain earthly love stand to the contrary. If all else perished, and he remained, I should still continue to be; and, if all else remained, and he were annihilated, the Universe would turn to a mighty stranger.
I should not seem part of it" Ch.
Dying, Catherine again confides to Nelly her feelings about the emptiness and torment of living in this world and her belief in a fulfilling alternative: I'm wearying to escape into that glorious world, and to be always there; not seeing it dimly through tears, and yearning for it through the walls of an aching heart; but really with it, and in it" Ch.
Their love is an attempt to break the boundaries of self and to fuse with another to transcend the inherent separateness of the human condition; fusion with another will by uniting two incomplete individuals create a whole and achieve new sense of identity, a complete and unified identity.
This need for fusion motivates Heathcliff's determination to "absorb" Catherine's corpse into his and for them to "dissolve" into each other so thoroughly that Edgar will not be able to distinguish Catherine from him.
Freud explained this urge as an inherent part of love: Love has become a religion in Wuthering Heights, providing a shield against the fear of death and the annihilation of personal identity or consciousness.
This use of love would explain the inexorable connection between love and death in the characters' speeches and actions. Wuthering Heights is filled with a religious urgency—unprecedented in British novels—to imagine a faith that might replace the old. Nobody else's heaven is good enough. Echoing Cathy, Heathdiff says late in the book, "I have nearly attained my heaven; and that of others is altogether unvalued and uncoveted by me!
Love in "Wuthering Heights"
The hope for salvation becomes a matter of eroticized private enterprise Catherine and Heathcliff have faith in their vocation of being in love with one another They both believe that they have their being in the other, as Christians, Jews, and Moslems believe that they have their being in God.
Look at the mystical passion of these two: That passion is a way of overcoming the threat of death and the separateness of existence. Their calling is to be the other; and that calling, mad and destructive as it sometimes seems, is religious. The desire for transcendence takes the form of crossing boundaries and rejecting conventions; this is the source of the torment of being imprisoned in a body and in this life, the uncontrolled passion expressed in extreme and violent ways, the usurpation of property, the literal and figurative imprisonments, the necrophilia, the hints of incest and adultery, the ghosts of Catherine and Heathcliff—all, in other words, that has shocked readers from the novel's first publication.
Each has replaced God for the other, and they anticipate being reunited in love after death, just as Christians anticipate being reunited with God after death. Nevertheless, Catherine and Heatcliff are inconsistent in their attitude toward death, which both unites and separates.
I only wish us never to be parted," Catherine goes on to say, "I'm wearying to escape into that glorious world," a wish which necessarily involves separation Ch. Conventional religion is presented negatively in the novel. The abandoned church at Gimmerton is decaying; the minister stops visiting Wuthering Heights because of Hindley's degeneracy. Catherine and Heathcliff reject Joseph's religion, which is narrow, self-righteous, and punitive.
Is conventional religion replaced by the religion of love, and does the fulfillment of Heathcliff and Catherine's love after death affect the love of Hareton and Cathy in any way?
Does the redemptive power of love, which is obvious in Cathy's civilizing Hareton, relate to love-as-religion experienced by Heathcliff and Catherine? Is what Catherine and Heathcliff call love and generations of readers have accepted as Ideal Love really an addiction?