# Marginal cost and benefit relationship quizzes

### Allocative efficiency and marginal benefit (video) | Khan Academy

assignments. When you are ready, take the practice quiz for Chapter 2 at the back of the text. Explain what "marginal benefit" and “marginal opportunity cost” mean. Explain what is .. There are two issues raised by this analysis. The first is . QUIz. ANSWERS. firms. and. Profits: total. Revenues. minus. total. costs. 1. What is the difference between explicit costs and implicit costs? In making economic decisions, where expected marginal benefits must be weighed against . Marginal costs and benefits are extremely important to producers when choosing of relationship – as you increase your production, your marginal cost will go up (how Pop Quiz. If reading this article was an Assignment, get all 3 of these.

As marginal returns decline, marginal cost increases. However, as marginal cost increases, the price a firm needs to receive also increases. The result is a positive relation between price and quantity suppliedwhich is the law of supply and the supply curve. Marginal cost tends to be relatively high but declining for small quantities of production. It then reaches a minimum and rises for larger quantities of output. When plotted in a graph, marginal cost traces out a U-shaped pattern.

## Economics (McConnell), AP* Edition, 20th Edition

The reason for this shape is directly related to increase and decreasing marginal returns and especially the law of diminishing marginal returns. The enormous importance of marginal cost to a firm's short-run production decision cannot be overstated. A profit -maximizing firm compares the marginal revenue received from output sold with the marginal cost of producing it.

If marginal revenue equals marginal cost, then the firm produces the profit-maximizing output quantity. If marginal revenue is less than marginal cost, then it can boost profit by increasing production.

If marginal revenue is greater than marginal cost, then it can boost profit by decreasing production. Marginal Cost Equations Here is the first of two formulas for calculating marginal cost: The first column is the quantity of Stuffed Amigos produced per hour, ranging from 0 to The empty fourth column is there to display the marginal cost of producing Stuffed Amigos.

The goal is to fill out this fourth column. To do so, the change in total cost or total variable cost attributable to incremental changes in quantity needs to be computed.

The first entry in the column is generated by answering the question: How much does total cost or total variable cost change when the first Stuffed Amigo is produced?

Click the [First] button to enter the first marginal cost value in the fourth column.

The marginal cost of producing the second Stuffed Amigo is calculated in the same way. Click the button labeled "Second" to reveal this entry in the table. To display the entire list of marginal cost values, click the [Remaining] button.

With the table filled, a little interpretation of the numbers seems in order. First, marginal cost is relatively high for the first Stuffed Amigo produced, then declines. However, it reaches a low, then rises with the production of additional Stuffed Amigos. The range of values with declining marginal cost is associated with Stage I of production and increasing marginal returns. The range of values with rising marginal cost is associated with Stage II of production, decreasing marginal returns, and the law of diminishing marginal returns.

This second range is the more important of the two for the analysis of a firm's profit-maximizing short-run production.

What marginal benefit equals marginal cost means in economic terms

Marginal cost measures the change in cost over the change in quantity. Mathematically speaking, it is the derivative of the total cost. Marginal cost is an important measurement because it accounts for increasing or decreasing costs of production, which allows a company to evaluate how much they actually pay to?

### Marginal Costs & Benefits - The Environmental Literacy Council

Initially, marginal cost will normally decrease through a short range, but increase as more is produced. Therefore the marginal cost curve is typically thought of to be upward sloping and can represent a wide range of activities that can reduce the effects of environmental externalities, like pollution.

The key point is that most environmental improvements are not free; resources must be expended in order for any improvement to occur.

For example, take an environment that has been polluted—while the initial unit of cleanup may be cheap, it becomes more and more expensive as additional cleanup is done. If cleanup is undertaken to point?

Marginal benefit is similar to marginal cost in that it is a measurement of the change in benefits over the change in quantity. Again take an environment that has been polluted, the first unit of this pollution that is cleaned up has a very high benefit value to consumers.

Each additional unit is valued at a somewhat lower level than each previous one because the overall pollution level continues to decrease. Once the pollution is reduced below a certain point, the marginal benefit of additional pollution control measures will be negligible because the environment itself is able to absorb a low level of pollution. Taking a look at the graph above, the total consumer benefit that is represented as the dark grey area, the net benefit is greatest when the quantity—?

We could increase total benefit by adding pollution controls beyond Q, but only with marginal costs MC greater than marginal benefits MBso it is no longer efficient to continue to increase the benefits.