Kitchen Debate - Wikipedia
When historians discuss U.S.-Soviet relations, they tend to place a special emphasis on the personal relationships formed between the leaders. 5 days ago During the s Brezhnev attempted to normalize relations between Brezhnev, Leonid; Nixon, RichardSoviet leader Leonid Brezhnev (left). Détente was a period of improved relations between the major powers of the Cold War, Richard Nixon (right) meets with Leonid Brezhnev during Détente.
Nixon and Brezhnev - Partners in Détente » Richard Nixon Foundation
By the late s and early s, however, these men were long gone. They had been replaced by political pragmatists like Richard Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev. Economic changes and conditions rendered arms spending and direct confrontation costly, dangerous and unpopular. Governments had to find new, more sophisticated and subtle ways of waging the Cold War. They did not have any weakening effect on US or Western resolve or behaviour, as some critics had feared, nor can it be demonstrated that they moderated the pursuit of advantage … as both continued to wage the Cold War.
An American cartoon depicting the superpower relation during detente Fears about nuclear weapons. The Cuban missile crisis of triggered paranoia and public concern about the dangers of nuclear war. Over time, nuclear powers came under international pressure to reduce stockpiles of nuclear warheads and missile systems.
Pressure groups like the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament CND, formed and Greenpeace formed lobbied against the further production and proliferation of nuclear weapons. American stockpiles of nuclear weapons peaked at more than 30, in the mids, then slowly declined. In July the US, Soviet Union and Great Britain signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty, an international agreement to limit the spread of nuclear weapons while working towards nuclear disarmament.
The Cold War arms race was a costly business for both superpowers. Both the United States and the Soviet Union faced additional, though contrasting economic problems during the s.
America spent billions of dollars on its involvement in Vietnam, while the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries OPEC oil embargo of also led to disruptions in oil supply, higher fuel prices, a stock market slump and other detrimental effects on the US economy. The Soviet economy, which had grown rapidly through the s and s, began to stall after Of particular concern was a lack of growth in the agricultural sector, which caused food prices to increase by between 50 and percent.
Having to prop up several failing Soviet bloc states placed additional strains on the Russian economy. In the US, domestic opposition to the Vietnam War and military casualties incurred there limited the possibility of strong military action elsewhere in the world.
America in the early s was also distracted by the Watergate scandal, which ended in with the resignation of Richard Nixon. The Soviet Union was preoccupied with economic problems, such as falling crop yields, internal opposition and problems within the Soviet bloc. Brezhnev dealt with opposition by winding back some of the liberal reforms implemented by Nikita Khrushchevexpanding the powers of the KGB and tightening press control and censorship.
ByMoscow and Beijing were barely on speaking terms. This was later purchased by the Soviets at the end of the Moscow exhibition. Nixon was accompanied by President Eisenhower 's younger brother, Milton S.
Eisenhower, former president of Johns Hopkins University. After protesting the actions of the US Congress, he dismissed the new technology of the US and declared that the Soviets would have all of the same things in a few years and then say "Bye bye" as they surpassed the U.
Both men agreed that the United States and the Soviet Union should seek areas of agreement.
Final Nixon Tapes Show Surprising Side Of Relationship With Brezhnev
At the end, Khrushchev stated that everything he had said in their debate should be translated into English and broadcast in the US. Nixon responded "Certainly it will, and everything I say is to be translated into Russian and broadcast across the Soviet Union. That's a fair bargain.Nixon vs. Khrushchev - The Kitchen Debate (1959)
Nixon argued that the Americans built to take advantage of new techniques, while Khrushchev argued that the Soviets built for future generations. Khrushchev states, "This is what America is capable of, and how long has she existed? The model home in which the debate took place was furnished with a dishwasher, refrigerator, and range.