The Cause and Effect of Motion -
Whether students recognize cause-and-effect relationships or not, they are affected by them every day. Students experience them in their own lives, see them. In this lesson, you will learn how to identify cause-and-effect relationships within a text. You may not realize it, but your day is full of causes and effects, such as . Cause and effect is a relationship between events or things, where one is the result of the other or Because of changes in classifications, Pluto is no longer a planet. I learned to play the drums quickly because I took lessons from a pro.
Preteach the following key terms: Underline the causes and effects within the text for easy identification, but ask them to choose which is the cause and the effect.
Preteach key vocabulary from the text. For students who need more scaffolding, read the story verbally to them during independent practice or have them work with a partner or small group to complete their T-chart. Provide a T-chart with some causes and some effects pre-filled so that students need to find one or the other. Enrichment For an extra challenge, have students write their own story about a bad day, underlining causes and circling effects.
The Cause and Effect of Motion
Assessment 5 minutes Hand out two sticky notes to each student. Have them write their name on the back of the sticky notes. Instruct them to write their own example of cause and effect from their life so that cause is on one sticky note and effect is on the other. Scan the student responses on the T-chart to check for understanding and make a note of which students will need additional support.
Provide the following sentence stems: Have ELs say their answers in their L1 or L2 before they write them down on the sticky notes. Provide sentence starters for their sticky note responses.
Fiction Comprehension: Cause and Effect | Lesson Plan | 572233.info | Lesson plan | 572233.info
Review and closing 10 minutes Teach students the cause and effect song, then sing it together as a class see Resources for YouTube video link and lyrics.
Provide a cause and take student ideas of possible effects. Write the song lyrics on the board or chart paper so they can follow along with while the class sings. Related learning resources Worksheet Cause and Effect Use this short story and T-chart to teach students how to recognize cause and effect relationships in fiction.
Understanding Chronology Teaching plot involves helping students to link ideas within texts, a skill that can be used in fiction and nonfiction.
Teaching Cause and Effect Relationships and Plot
The obvious link is chronology: Chronological order, or time order, is the sequence in which events occur. In non fiction, look for clues that indicate a shift in time: Inform students that chronological order in fiction can be interrupted by flashbacks to provide background information. The easiest lesson plan for teaching chronology is using a simple graphic organizer consisting of boxes with one arrow pointing to the next box. For some reason students are more likely to write events inside of five boxes connected with arrows than they are to make a list of five major events one of many teaching mysteries to which I have no answer.
Teaching Cause and Effect Relationships Teaching chronological links is the first step in teaching plot. Teaching cause and effect links adds an element of critical thinking. A cause is an action or event that results in another action or event.
The direct outcome of the action is the effect. Millions of readers remain confused because they do not comprehend cause and effect relationships. Next, the pairs work together to come up with four different cause-and-effect events to record on their cards. For example, on one cause card, it might say: The mother bird sat on her nest. The effect card that matches it might say: The baby birds hatched out of their eggs. It started to rain.
We took out our umbrellas. Once the pair has finished their cards, they mix them up, place them in an envelope and write their names on the front. The next day, set the envelopes around the room like a scavenger hunt and have pairs travel around the room with their partners to open envelopes, match causes and effects, mix the cards back up, put them back in the envelope, and move to the next open set.
An alternative is to use the envelopes as a cause-and-effect center. These little books can be used in cause-and-effect lesson plans and much more! You might want to prep them for little ones, but older kids can usually make their own. Keep it folded and use a ruler to mark off the 3-inch, 6-inch and 9-inch spots near the top and bottom. Draw a line from the top to the bottom at each marked spot. Unfold the page and cut on the three lines from the bottom to the fold.
Once the flip book is created, kids draw four causes on the front and then lift each flap and draw four effects underneath. Need enrichment for higher-level kids?
Have them draw or write several effects for each cause! Kids use crayons, markers, sharpies or watercolors to create a picture that shows a cause-and-effect relationship. Similar to the above cause-and-effect lesson plan, but instead of unfolding the paper, just leave it folded like a greeting card. I actually like to make the cards fairly small and then they can be grouped together in a little cause-and-effect museum for a fun display.
The cards just have to be big enough that the kids can draw or write on them. Use pictures for students to infer cause and effect. This cause-and-effect lesson plan could be done after kids have mastered the basics. Gather some interesting pictures from classroom magazines Scholastic, Weekly Reader and regular magazines, or find them online on free-to-use sites like Pixabay.
Look for pictures that have a lot going on in them because kids are going to be looking for several causes and effects, not just one.