Clientship | ancient Rome | 572233.info
Clentela (the patron-client relationship) was, at its heart, a system of hierarchical relationships that structured the social networks of those in. Clientship, Latin Clientela, in ancient Rome, the relationship between a man of wealth and influence (patron) and a free client; the client acknowledged his. The client-patron relationship system called patronage was what built most of the were the main classes of the hierarchal status system ancient Rome had.
Two classes, the upper class, and the lower class were the main classes of the hierarchal status system ancient Rome had. The upper class was comprised of the wealthy landowners who were most often involved in politics as senators, tribunes, and consuls, etc.
The Patron-Client Relationship in the Ancient World | Truth Or Tradition?
These upper class members were usually part of the aristocratic group the Patricians. The Patrician ruling class existed since Romulus, who was one of the main founders of Rome, appointed men to serve as senators in the s BC. He created senators; either because that number was adequate, or because there were only heads of houses who could be created.
They were the lower of the two aristocratic upper classes in Rome. They ranked below the patricians socially but still had great wealth and social status. For the Roman upper aristocratic ruling class public appearance was extremely important. When traveling through the city and the forum the Roman elite desired to be recognized or recognized for their status and rank.
To accomplish this they wore distinctive clothing and jewelry to help signify their status. Equestrians wore specifically colored cloth stripes on their togas or tunics to signify their statuses. The senators and patricians also wore wider specifically colored cloth stripes to signify their rank. The upper class patrons wanted to show they had power and made certain to remind their clients of this by their mannerisms and dress.
The lower class Roman citizens were most always the clients of the upper class patrons. The plebs or plebeians was the lower class that existed since the beginning of Rome just like the patricians.
The common people were freeborn and plebeians respectively, but the lower class also consisted of freed-people liberti. Freed-people were former slaves who had been freed by their masters.
The freed-people were now clients of their former masters. In the lower class also were Latins Latini who were from Roman colonies outside of Rome.
There were some plebs who were wealthy, had political connections and better overall social standing but for the most part, plebs were part of the lower class.
Roman societal patronage was highly based around the Roman ideals of fides or loyalty. Thankfully, we can find these things easily in any good Bible dictionary. However, it is a serious mistake to interpret the Bible in terms of our own culture.
In the ancient world people were not thought of as being equal, with each having rights. Certain rights were granted to certain segments of society, yes, but even those were regularly ignored. Herod the Great killed the children in Bethlehem because he suspected a rival would arise from that town. Paul, though a Roman citizen, was kept in jail in Caesarea for almost two full years because the ruler, Felix, was hoping for a bribe Acts In fact, the process to gain rights has been slow and hard fought.
Article 39 stated that rulers could not imprison and punish people without a lawful trial. King John was basically forced to sign it, but immediately sent it on to the Pope, who declared it null and void, and for extra measure, excommunicated the barons.
Ancient biblical societies functioned on a patron-client basis. As a result, the client needed the resources that the patron could offer.
The patron needed or found useful the loyalty and honor that the client could give him. This article is only a brief introduction to the subject of the patron-client society, which deserves much deeper study.
The Patron-Client Relationship in the Ancient World
It is important that we as modern readers really understand the patron-client society. That was not the case in ancient society, where access to goods and power was not considered free and equal to everyone, and people were not considered fundamentally equal.
It was part of the fabric of society that such access to power and influence was channeled either through individuals or special groups.
Not only was it essential, it was expected and publicized! Take, for example, John That is a good example of reading our culture and ideas back into the biblical text.The Story of Culture - Week 3 - Patron and Client Relationships
The huge difference between the rich and powerful and the poor and needy in the ancient world set the stage for another cultural aspect of the patron-client relationship, which is that patrons were honor bound to help their clients.