Steve Biko and the Black Consciousness Movement - Oxford Research Encyclopedia of African History
Donald Woods (born December 15, , died August 19, ) was a South African anti-apartheid activist and journalist. His coverage of Steve Biko's death in custody led to his exile from South Africa. Woods used his position as editor of the Daily Dispatch newspaper to attack the. The relationship between Donald Woods and Steve Biko provided one Donald Woods, who cried for freedom, died on August 19th, aged Stephen Bantu Biko was an ordinary young man of his time. Among them, was the then editor of the East London Daily Dispatch, Donald Woods and at another end, . SAIRR [South African Institute of Race Relations], as well as NUSAS culture takes on substance, not around songs, poems or folklore.
I'm only just learning to find the balance between being an ally and not overstepping, and I don't think I'll ever get it completely right. That does lead to the conflicting thing about this novel: And I commend Woods for writing it and think it's something he absolutely needed to write. He himself was banned for writing about Stephen Biko and he risked his life writing this and then escaping the country to get this book published, to tell the world who Stephen Biko was and exactly what Apartheid was.
And while he talked about his views and how Biko changed those views, he didn't try to make the book about him. The focus was always on Biko, on his life, on the inquiry into his death, on testimonies from the friend that was arrested with him on what actually happened in that prison.
Donald Woods - Wikipedia
But I think the great injustice here is that the person who SHOULD have written this book was unable to because he was beaten to death in prison. In the end, it was Woods' white privilege that allowed this book to be published and I would say it's his white privilege that allowed it to be so well-received.
But that's a different review and I would need to watch the movie again to be more thorough in it. The book was good, I'm glad that I read it, but be prepared to be shaken up. An unauthorized secret autopsy revealed brain trauma caused by severe blows to the head was the cause of death. Biko was the leader of the Black Consciousness Movement, an organization that promoted liberation and political change through peaceful, non-violent means of resistance.
Physically, he was an imposing figure, very tall, extremely well-built with a noble face. He was not an extrovert—one had the sense of a great capacity for self-containment. He spoke to gatherings of people and published widely.
Police Commissioner Kruger announced at a press conference that Biko died after a hunger strike. Everyone who knew him knew this to be false.
He had, in fact told his friends that if something happened to him, they should know he would never have taken his own life. I suppose I would feel sorry about my own death.
South Africa: What Steve Biko Means for SA Today
The book chronicles the relationship between journalist and newspaper editor Donald Woods and Steve Biko. Woods at first wrote rather unfavorably about the rather well-known actions and words of Steve Biko. When challenged to meet him and learn the truth before printing his stories, Woods set out to meet Biko.
Drawn to him as shown abovethe two and their wives and families became friends. Woods wrote in protest, and was himself banned. When his own family came under attack, they finally escaped the country with the manuscript of this book, narrowly escaping being killed. It was made into the movie Cry Freedom in the late s, both while apartheid was still in practice. His campaign was unsuccessful, and he went back to his job as a cub reporter for the Daily Dispatch newspaper in East London.
For two years during the late s, he honed his skills as a journalist by writing and sub-editing for various newspapers in England and Wales.Steve Biko speaks on The Black Consciousness Movement
It was while working in Wales that he developed a love and respect for the Welsh people that endured all his life. While working on the Western MailCardiff, Woods became friends with colleague Glyn Williams, who later joined him on the Daily Dispatch and eventually became editor himself.
Before returning to South Africa, he served as a correspondent for London's now defunct Daily Heraldtravelling throughout the eastern and southern United States, eventually arriving in Little Rock, Arkansaswhere he filed stories comparing U. Woods went back to work at the Dispatch and married Wendy Bruce, whom he had known since they were teenagers in their hometown.
They had six children: Their fourth son, Lindsay, born incontracted meningitis and died just before his first birthday.
The family had settled into a comfortable life in East Londonand in Februaryat the age of 31, Woods rose to the position of editor-in-chief of the Daily Dispatch which held an anti-apartheid editorial policy. As editor, Woods expanded the readership of the Dispatch to include Afrikaans-speakers as well as black readers in nearby Transkei and Ciskei.
Woods integrated the editorial staff and flouted apartheid policies by seating black, white, and coloured reporters in the same work-area. Additionally, he favored hiring reporters who had had experience working overseas. Woods had several scrapes with the South African Security Police regarding editorial matters and on numerous occasions ruffled the feathers of Prime Minister B.
Vorster in frank, face-to-face exchanges regarding the content of Dispatch editorials. Woods found himself tiptoeing around, and sometimes directly challenging, the increasingly restrictive government policies enacted to control the South African press. A young black woman, Dr Mamphela Rampheleberated Woods for writing misleading stories about the movement, challenging him to meet with Biko. The two men became friends, leading the Security Police to monitor Woods's movements.
Steve Biko and the Black Consciousness Movement
Nevertheless, Woods continued to provide political support to Biko, both through writing editorials in his newspaper and controversially hiring black journalists to the Daily Dispatch. On 16 Junean uprising broke out in Sowetoin which predominantly to year-old students from Soweto participated in a march to protest against being taught in Afrikaans and against the Bantu Education system in general. The police ordered the children to disperse, and when they refused the police opened fire, killing scores and by some estimates, hundreds  of them.
As the children pelted the police with stones, South Africa went up in flames. The government responded by banning the entire Black Consciousness Movement along with many other political organisations, as well as issuing banning orders against various persons.
Donald Woods was one of the banned persons and was effectively placed under house arrest. He was killed on September Woods went to the morgue with Biko's wife Ntsiki and photographed Biko's battered body. The photographs were later published in Woods's book, exposing the South African government's cover-up of the cause of Biko's death.
Life in exile[ edit ] Tele Bridge border post from the South African side Soon after Biko's death, Woods was himself placed under a five-year ban.
He was stripped of his editorship, and was not allowed to speak publicly, write, travel or even work for the duration of his ban.
Over the next year, he was subjected to increasing harassment, and his phone was tapped. The final straw came when his six-year-old daughter was severely burned by a T-shirt laced with ninhydrin.
South Africa: What Steve Biko Means for SA Today - 572233.info
Disguised as an Anglican priest, Father "David C. However, following days of steady rain, the river had flooded, leaving him to resort to crossing at the Tele Bridge border crossing in a Lesotho Postal Service truck driven by an unsuspecting Lesothan man, who was merely giving the "priest" a ride.
He made it undetected by South African customs and border officials to Lesothowhere, prompted by a prearranged telephone call, his family joined him shortly afterwards.