The Crucible - Wikipedia
The Crucible essays A crucible is a "severe test or trial. Abigail Williams, a young girl, probably failed worse than anyone e. Not only does she have a secret adulterous relationship with a man by the name of John Proctor, but she is also. One way John Proctor is dynamic is through his relationship with Elizabeth Proctor. Especially after what he did to her by sleeping with Abigail Williams. Sadly. Everything you ever wanted to know about John Proctor in The Crucible, written by Last (but not least) he's prepared to admit that he and Abigail had an affair.
He questions the girls' apparent ringleader, his niece Abigail Williamswhom Parris has been forced to adopt after her parents were brutally killed in the Pequot War. Abigail denies they were engaged in witchcraft, claiming that they had been dancing. Afterwards, the wealthy and influential Thomas Putnam and his wife, Ann arrive. At the Putnams' urgence, Parris reluctantly reveals that he has invited Reverend John Halean expert in witchcraft and demonology, to investigate and leaves to address the crowd.
The other girls involved in the incident join Abigail and a briefly roused Betty, who attempts to jump out of the window. Abigail coerces and threatens the others to "stick to their story" of merely dancing in the woods. The other girls are frightened of the truth being revealed in actuality, they tried to conjure a curse against Elizabeth Proctor and being labelled witches, so they go along with Abigail.
Betty then faints back into unconsciousness. John Proctora local farmer and husband of Elizabeth, enters. He sends the other girls out including Mary Warrenhis family's maid and confronts Abigail, who tells him that she and the girls were not performing witchcraft.
It is revealed that Abigail once worked as a servant for the Proctors, and that she and John had an affair, for which she was fired. Abigail still harbors feelings for John and believes he does as well, but John says he does not. Abigail angrily mocks John for denying his true feelings for her. As they argue, Betty bolts upright and begins screaming. Parris runs back into the bedroom and various villagers arrive: The villagers, who had not heard the argument, assume that the singing of a psalm by the villagers in a room below had caused Betty's screaming.
Tensions between them soon emerge. Putnam is a bereaved parent seven times over; she blames witchcraft for her losses and Betty's ailment. Rebecca is rational and suggests a doctor be called instead. Putnam and Corey have been feuding over land ownership.
Look at Abigail Williams relationship with John Proctor. - GCSE English - Marked by 572233.info
Parris is unhappy with his salary and living conditions as minister, and accuses Proctor of heading a conspiracy to oust him from the church.
Abigail, standing quietly in a corner, witnesses all of this. Reverend Hale arrives and begins his investigation. Before leaving, Giles fatefully remarks that he has noticed his wife reading unknown books and asks Hale to look into it. Parris, Abigail and Tituba closely over the girls' activities in the woods. As the facts emerge, Abigail claims Tituba forced her to drink blood. Tituba counters that Abigail begged her to conjure a deadly curse.
Parris threatens to whip Tituba to death if she does not confess to witchcraft. Tituba breaks down and falsely claims that the Devil is bewitching her and others in town.
The Trial of John Proctor – History of Massachusetts Blog
Putnam identifies Osborne as her former midwife and asserts that she must have killed her children. Abigail decides to play along with Tituba in order to prevent others from discovering her affair with Proctor, whose wife she had tried to curse out of jealousy. She leaps up, begins contorting wildly, and names Osborne and Good, as well as Bridget Bishop as having been "dancing with the devil".
Betty suddenly rises and begins mimicking Abigail's movements and words, and accuses George Jacobs. As the curtain closes, the three continue with their accusations as Hale orders the arrest of the named people and sends for judges to try them. The narrator compares the Puritan fundamentalism to cultural norms in both the United States and the Soviet Union. Additionally, fears of Satanism taking place after incidents in Europe and the colonies are compared to fears of Communism following its implementation in Eastern Europe and China during the Cold War.
Again, narration not present in all versions. The remainder of Act Two is set in the Proctor's home. John and Elizabeth are incredulous that nearly forty people have been arrested for witchcraft based on the pronouncements of Abigail and the other girls. John knows their apparent possession and accusations of witchcraft are untrue, as Abigail told him as much when they were alone together in the first act, but is unsure of how to confess without revealing the affair.
Elizabeth is disconcerted to learn her husband was alone with Abigail. She believes John still lusts after Abigail and tells him that as long as he does, he will never redeem himself. Mary Warren enters and gives Elizabeth a ' poppet ' doll-like puppet that she made in court that day while sitting as a witness.
Angered that Mary is neglecting her duties, John threatens to beat her. Mary retorts that she saved Elizabeth's life that day, as Elizabeth was accused of witchcraft and was to be arrested until Mary spoke in her defense. Mary refuses to identify Elizabeth's accuser, but Elizabeth surmises accurately that it must have been Abigail. She implores John to go to court and tell the judges that Abigail and the rest of the girls are pretending. John is reluctant, fearing that doing so will require him to publicly reveal his past adultery.
Reverend Hale arrives, stating that he is interviewing all the people named in the proceedings, including Elizabeth. He mentions that Rebecca Nurse was also named, but admits that he doubts her a witch due to her extreme piousness, though he emphasizes that anything is possible. Hale is skeptical about the Proctors' devotion to Christianity, noting that they do not attend church regularly and that their second child has not yet been baptized ; John replies that this is because he has no respect for Parris.
Challenged to recite the Ten CommandmentsJohn fatefully forgets "thou shalt not commit adultery". When Hale questions her, Elizabeth is angered that he does not question Abigail first.
Unsure of how to proceed, Hale prepares to take his leave. At Elizabeth's urging, John tells Hale he knows that the girl's afflictions are fake. When Hale responds that many of the accused have confessed, John points out that they were bound to be hanged if they did not; Hale reluctantly acknowledges this point.
Suddenly, Giles Corey and Francis Nurse enter the house and inform John and Hale that both of their wives have been arrested on charges of witchcraft; Martha Corey for reading suspicious books and Rebecca Nurse on charges of sacrificing children.
A posse led by clerk Ezekiel Cheever and town marshal George Herrick arrive soon afterwards and present a warrant for Elizabeth's arrest, much to Hale's surprise.
Cheever picks up the poppet on Elizabeth's table and finds a needle inside. He informs John that Abigail had a pain-induced fit earlier that evening and a needle was found stuck into her stomach; Abigail claimed that Elizabeth stabbed her with the needle through witchcraft, using a poppet as a conduit.
John brings Mary into the room to tell the truth; Mary asserts that she made the doll and stuck the needle into it, and that Abigail saw her do so. Cheever is unconvinced and prepares to arrest Elizabeth. John becomes greatly angered, tearing the arrest warrant to shreds and threatening Herrick and Cheever with a musket until Elizabeth calms him down and surrenders herself. He calls Hale a coward and asks him why the accusers' every utterance goes unchallenged.
Hale is conflicted, but suggests that perhaps this misfortune has befallen Salem because of a great, secret crime that must be brought to light. Taking this to heart, John orders Mary to go to court with him and expose the other girls' lies, and she protests vehemently. Aware of John's affair, she warns him that Abigail is willing to expose it if necessary. John is shocked but determines the truth must prevail, whatever the personal cost.
Francis and Giles desperately interrupt the proceedings, demanding to be heard. The court is recessed and the men thrown out of the main room, reconvening in an adjacent room.The Crucible: Subtext in the Proctor's Relationship
Danforth then informs an unaware John that Elizabeth is pregnant, and promises to spare her from execution until the child is born, hoping to persuade John to withdraw his case. John refuses to back down and submits a deposition signed by ninety-one locals attesting to the good character of Elizabeth, Rebecca Nurse and Martha Corey. Herrick also attests to John's truthfulness as well.
The deposition is dismissed by Parris and Hathorne as illegal. Hale criticizes the decision and demands to know why the accused are forbidden to defend themselves. Danforth replies that given the "invisible nature" of witchcraft, the word of the accused and their advocates cannot be trusted. John Proctor did most greviously torture me with variety of tortures all most ready to kill me.
During their conversation, Proctor, who lived on the outskirts of Salem Village in what is now modern day Peabody, said he was on his way to Salem to retrieve Warren so he could take her home and beat her and also said the afflicted girls should be whipped and hanged for lying, according to court records: He answered he heard they were very bad last night but he had heard nothing this morning.
Parris would let him have his Indian he the said Proctor would soon drive the devil out of him and father saith not. In his letter, he described the torture used against the prisoners, particularly against his son William, and declared that the accused were innocent victims: Here are five persons who have lately confessed themselves to be witches, and do accuse some of us being along with them at a sacrament, since we were committed into close prison, which we know to be lies.
And another five weeks my son William Proctor, when he was examined, because he would not confess that he was guilty, when he was innocent, they tied him neck and heels till the blood gushed out at his nose, and would have kept him so twenty-four hours, if one, more merciful than the rest, had not taken pity on him, and caused him to be unbound.
These actions are very like the popish cruelties. They have already undone us in our estates, and that will not serve their turns without our innocent blood. Desiring your prayers to the Lord on our behalf, we rest your poor afflicted servants. John Proctor and his wife were both convicted of witchcraft on August 5, Jacobs, an aged lady who lived in the old Jacobs house, now the Wyman place, and of which I made the following memorandum about thirty years ago: Jacobs Munroe says that it was always said that Procters were buried near the bars as you go into the Philip H.
Osborn, the librarian of the Peabody Historical Society, as to what was the family tradition, I learned that it was said by Mrs. Mansfield wrote to her as follows: The Marsh pasture from which Mrs. It had a way leading to it from Lowell Street over the eastern end of the John Procter lot as shown on my map.
This way is still used as well as the bars opening into it on Lowell Street a few rods east of the westerly way leading southerly to the Jacobs, or Wyman, place.
Jacobs as stated above, unless we suppose the expression to mean bars leading from the John Procter lot where the way enters the Philip H.
What Characters Go Through a Severe Test in "The Crucible"?
Saunders place, or Marsh pasture, as Mrs. Perhaps the latter locality is the most probable since it is high rocky ground; but which bars were meant is uncertain. Upham, circa Meanwhile, Elizabeth Proctor remained in jail to await the birth of her child. Even after she gave birth to her son on January 27, she was not executed, for reasons unknown. Elizabeth remained in jail until May, when Governor Phipps released the last few prisoners of the witch trials.
Once Elizabeth Proctor was freed, not only had she and her deceased husband been stripped of their legal rights due to their convictions, but Elizabeth also discovered John had written her out of his will. John Proctor had probably done so because he expected Elizabeth to be convicted along with him and knew she would not be able to inherit his estate.
As a result, she was left penniless. A year later, on April 19,the court restored her legal rights and awarded Elizabeth her dowry. Rebecca Brooks According to William P. Francis gave a deed of it to James April 19, Osborne, her granddaughter, and others who, inconveyed the lot to Harriet A. Walcott, wife of John G. Walcott and Harriet A. Walcott, wife, conveyed the same to Mary E. Collins, wife of William F.
Collins, by deed dated June 27, Also, an item that once belonged to John Proctor, a two-pronged fork with a wooden handle, is currently on display at the Witch House in Salem.
John Proctor Historical Sites: Salem Witch Trials Memorial Address: Memorial plaque located on Masonic Temple. House of John Proctor: