Topographical features such as mountains and relationship to weather

Factors that Influence Climate - Climate and Weather

topographical features such as mountains and relationship to weather

Mountains Disrupt Air Flow How Does Air Movement Affect Weather? This holds true for mountains and high-elevation plateaus, such as. topographic features such as rivers, mountains, valleys, and mountain ranges, on a E Identify Earth as a planet and describe its seasonal weather patterns of. However, the polar regions are at such an angle to the Sun that they get little or no sunlight during the winter, Why do mountains affect weather and climate?.

Examples include mountains, hills, valleys, lakes, oceans, rivers, cities, dams, and roads. Elevation - The elevation, or height, of mountains and other objects is recorded as part of topography. It is usually recorded in reference to sea level the surface of the ocean.


The equator is a horizontal line drawn around the middle of the Earth that is the same distance from the North Pole and the South Pole. The equator has a latitude of 0 degrees. Longitude is generally measured in degrees from the Prime Meridian.

topographical features such as mountains and relationship to weather

Topographical Map A topographical map is one that shows the physical features of the land. Besides just showing landforms such as mountains and rivers, the map also shows the elevation changes of the land.

Elevation is shown using contour lines. When a contour line is drawn on a map it represents a given elevation. Every point on the map touching the line should be the same elevation. On some maps, numbers on the lines will let you know what the elevation is for that line. Contour lines next to each other will represent different elevations.

The closer the contour lines are to each other, the steeper the slope of the land. The lower map shows the contour lines for the above hills Ways Topography is Studied There are a number of ways that information is gathered to make topographical maps.

They can be divided into two primary methods: Direct survey - A direct survey is when a person on the ground uses surveying equipment, such as levels and clinometers, to directly measure the location and elevation of the land.

You have probably seen a surveyor along the road sometime making measurements by looking through a leveling instrument sitting on a tall tripod. Indirect survey - Remote areas may be mapped using indirect methods. These forceful rushing winds are known as katabatic or gravity winds.

The Effects of Topography on the Climate | Sciencing

Mountain passes also act as natural funnels and increase wind speeds. In California, Santa Ana winds blowing off the deserts are enhanced by these breaks.

topographical features such as mountains and relationship to weather

Wind blows more strongly when forced by topography through a narrow opening, and many wind farms can be found in these locations. First observed by the explorer and naturalist Alexander von Humboldt, air cools at 3.

This is the equivalent of traveling hundreds of miles north, and creates a complex Highland climate with great diversity.

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Orientation of Topography and Microclimates Ablestock. In the northern hemisphere, south-facing slopes are sunnier and support entirely different ecological communities than north-facing slopes. The south side of a mountain may experience spring conditions weeks or even months ahead of its north side. Where year-round snow or glaciers exist, they are nurtured by the shade provided by north- and west-facing slopes. In mountainous regions such as the Alps in Europe, entire villages may be cast in shade for months in winter, only to emerge again in the spring.

In such communities, it is common to have a holiday to mark the reappearance of the sun.