Yearly in-person meeting for cohort. . Project Manager, Johns Hopkins University / Sheridan Libraries .. 1: Columbia University Libraries, United States of America; 2: K|N . Visualization Librarian, Universty of Southern California Defense Against the Dark Nets: Building a Toolkit for Library Folks in Crisis. July-December Library of Congress. Copyright Office See PECKHAM, JOHN BRIAN. Development policy, theory Harvard Business School cases. See VERNON, RAYMOND, ed The impending crisis of the South: how to meet it. SPEECH BATTLE OVER HELPER'S IMPENDING CRISIS 1 John S. Bassett, 2 Hinton Rowan Helper, The Impending Crisis of the South: How to Meet It 56 Harvard University Press ) () [hereafter Helper, Impending Crisis] Propaganda in the Oberlin College Library (Louisville, Ky., Lost Cause Press.
THE IMPENDING CRISIS OF THE SOUTH
One plank in Helper's platform to end slavery proposed a sixty dollar tax on slaveholders to provide money to send former slaves to Africa and elsewhere. The racism in The Impending Crisis was among the things that set Helper apart from other abolitionists, although he applied the term to himself. For most white southerners and many northerners as well, "abolitionists" were a small minority of extremists, men and women, black and white, whose views on slavery and many other issues were wild and dangerous.
Slaveholders believed they and their ideas had no place in the South. It was indeed true that by new, more radical groups of abolitionists had emerged in the North, insisting that slavery must end immediately and without compensation for slaveholders, points Helper similarly made.
The Impending Crisis of the South | 572233.info
From their perspective, he was an unexpected southern ally who chose weapons—economic arguments and statistical methods—they seldom used but did not disdain. Yet the great majority of northern abolitionists repudiated Helper's "colonizationist" argument that African Americans should be expelled from the United States.
Moreover, while racism certainly existed among abolitionists, most envisioned a biracial society after freedom, and there was a high degree of cooperation between African American and white abolitionists.
Helper's racism made for a starkly different vision of post-emancipation America. His book was a mixed blessing for his would-be abolitionist allies.
Hoping to increase the circulation of his ideas and further the Republican Party cause, he set out to produce a shorter, cheaper, and less offensive version of The Impending Crisis.
The result was a Compendium edition in which he toned down some of his harsh language and removed five of the most extreme proposals in his plan to end slavery including one on the expulsion of African Americans. In seeking support for the project, he elicited endorsements from Republican Party leaders, among them Congressman John Sherman of Ohio. While Helper was promoting his Compendium in the fall of he suddenly achieved even greater notoriety thanks to a dramatic and unanticipated event.
In October, John Brown and a small band of white and black followers raided the federal arsenal at Harpers FerryVirginia, hoping to seize weapons and stir a slave uprising. Here was every slaveholder's nightmare: Helper's critics wrongly saw this as "Helperism" in action.
Harpers Ferry was in everyone's mind when, soon afterward, the House of Representatives reconvened in Washington, faced with the difficult task of choosing a new Speaker.
The Republican Party had a plurality, but not a majority. Electing a Republican Speaker would require votes from Democrats or from Know-Nothings, members of a declining anti-immigrant party.
At one point the most likely candidate to prevail was John Sherman. Then, a Democratic representative from Missouri, with Brown's raid in mind, introduced a resolution declaring The Impending Crisis to be "insurrectionary and hostile to the domestic peace and tranquility of the country.
Hinton Rowan Helper
Sherman was unsure whether or not he had endorsed the Compendium but certain that he had not read it. The political damage, nonetheless, was done, and he withdrew his candidacy. Although The Impending Crisis was controversial from the moment of its publication, the firestorm over the Compendium gave Helper his greatest measure of fame.
He sought a political reward from the Republicans and received it in with his appointment as U. He devoted the rest of his life to various public projects, including promotion of an intercontinental railroad to connect all of North and South Americaanother expression of his vision of an expansionist, commercial economic future. He also tried his hand at encouraging white workingmen to engage in independent political action—a replay of what he urged non-slaveholders to do in The Impending Crisis.
During Reconstruction, Helper's racism deepened as his own party enfranchised African American men and numbered them among its southern officeholders. Williams College, United States of America; 3: Barnard College, United States of America; 4: Born Digital, United States of America Islandora is an open source digital repository stack developed at the University of Prince Edward Island and now implemented and contributed to by an international community.
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Hinton Rowan Helper - Wikipedia
In Helper wrote the book The Land of Gold. Reality versus fiction, which widely ridiculed the state. Deeply opposed to slavery and the condition of Southern culture and lack of economic progress, Helper later wrote one of the most effective criticisms of the South titled The Impending Crisis of the South. In it he argued the South's growth, prosperity, and cultural development were being held back by slavery.
He deployed statistics from the census to show that land values, literacy levels, and manufacturing rates were considerably lower in the South than in the North.
He warned of the devastation caused by slavery through deforestation. He proposed that slaveholders be taxed to colonize all free blacks in Africa or Latin America.
It also heightened the political crisis by raising fears among Southerners that poor landless Southern whites might turn against slavery if they saw that it did not benefit them. The fear of class divisions within the white community was enough to lead many Southerners who had previously been opponents of secession to embrace it after the election of Abraham Lincoln.