e American people elected me to make America great again. We are enforcing our borders, building trade relationships based on fairness .. China and Russia challenge American power, influ- ence .. erty system that is the foundation of the biomedi- Jihadist terrorist organizations present the most. The weakest link in Russia's economy over the next few years will be the banking system. From to , the real U.S. dollar to Russian ruble exchange rate was to abandon the path of expanding the tax base through reforms. . For these citizens, the current economic crisis was not a disaster. Countries with closer ties to the United States also have con- ernments, may present U.S. companies with previously unforeseen threats. . Russia, and Iran will remain aggressive and capable collectors of sensitive. U.S. of a broad range of actors spread throughout its government and industrial base.
It will be interesting to see how this relationship evolves, given the influence China has been wielding in Zimbabwe. An inter-governmental commission on trade and economic cooperation between Russia and Namibia was recently established.
It seems that Russia has big plans to increase the exports of its agricultural products to Namibia wheat, dairy products, poultry, etc. There is also the potential of competition for the support of Namibia between Russia and China.
A UN sanctions committee recently allowed Russia to sell weapons to the government in Central African Republic CARwhich is struggling to contain an ethnic and religious conflict. The arms were accompanied by a small group of Russian military trainers.
Vulnerable fragile states, such as CAR, that have intense security demands and requirements, are the sorts of place that the Russians are looking to improve their market share. Some of these relationships are of a security nature, whilst others are more business-related. Some countries even exhibit a dual relationship, where both economic relations and geo-security relations are forged. Russia in Sudan The relationship between Russia and Sudan is by no means new.
For decades, there were economic, political and military relations between the two countries. Russia, as a permanent member of the UN Security Council, along with China, opposed initiatives to send peacekeeping missions to Darfur, although Sudan itself accepted the peacekeeping mission through the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in In addition, Russia has been a major arms supplier for a considerable time.
The plan aimed to enable the Sudanese military to counter any threat.
Trump–Russia dossier - Wikipedia
The programme regarding the development of the Sudanese military, is therefore a mere continuation of a historical trend. The project is part of a plan to generate more than MW by During the same trip al-Bashir blamed the US for the secession of South Sudan inand claimed that the US was now planning to split the rest of Sudan into five countries.
Al-Bashir apparently also discussed the establishment of military bases on the Red Sea coast with President Putin and his defence minister. It is reported that al-Bashir also offered Sudan as a gateway into Africa for Russia.
In a recent development, Sudan invited Russian companies to take part in the development of its oil industry. The Sudanese government offered Russian energy companies several oil sites, including both producing and untapped ones, as well as fields that are currently being developed by other foreign companies, whom the Russian players would help to increase production. Sudan has been eager to build an oil industry after the split with South Sudan when it seceded in The base is expected to be home to two destroyer-sized ships, four frigate class ships, two large submarine pens, two airstrips that can host up to six heavy aircraft and 15 fighter jets.
It is reported the naval base would be staffed by 1, people and service destroyers, frigates and submarines.
Russia–United States relations - Wikipedia
The rumoured location of the base is outside Zeila city, in Somaliland. As the US and China both have military facilities in Djibouti, it should not be a surprise that Russia would want facilities there too. According to Dr Andrew Foxall, director of the Russia and Eurasia Studies Centre, the Horn of Africa is strategically important for a number of reasons, amongst others because it allows both power projection into the Middle East and influence over the Suez Canal through the Gulf of Aden.
The development of a facility in Somaliland could be seen as an attempt to build a blue-water navy. According to the Qaran News, Russia is proposing that it will recognise the breakaway Republic of Somaliland in return for being allowed to establish the base.
It also reported that Russia will ensure security in the breakaway country by training the Somaliland military. Given that Djibouti was becoming cramped for space, and the relatively long distance between Port Sudan and Ethiopia, Russia might have decided to build a base in Somaliland as an alternative entry to Ethiopia, with whom Somaliland is allied.
Russia and Egypt held their first joint naval drills in Juneand military exercises in October In lateEgyptian-Russian civilian air traffic was halted by Russia after a bomb went off aboard a Russian jet over the Sinai Peninsula, killing all of its passengers.
For Egyptian tourism insiders, this decision will revive Russian tourism to the Red Sea coastal cities. According to the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism, Russian tourists numbered between 2.
Following the incident, Egypt has tightened security in its airports to satisfy Russian concerns. According to the Egyptian President, the return of the Russian tourists would reassure the world that Egypt is a country of safety and security. The area of the Russian industrial park on the Suez Canal was expanded from 80 to 2, hectares, and has a friendlier tax regime for resident Russian firms.
It sat there until mid-September, when it was finally sent to the counterintelligence team investigating Russia at FBI headquarters in Washington, D. At the same time, he was busy creating his own dossier of material documenting that "Russia was not only attempting to interfere in the election, they were doing so in order to elect Donald Trump However, the subsequent public release of the dossier stopped discussions between Steele and the FBI.How Ukraine became a strain on U.S.-Russia relations
According to The IndependentSteele came to believe that there was a "cabal" inside the FBI, particularly its New York field office linked to Trump advisor Rudy Giulianibecause it blocked any attempts to investigate the links between Trump and Russia. Trump repeatedly seek to do deals in a notoriously corrupt police state that most serious investors shun?
Thus, any details were "protected by attorney-client privilege. Fusion briefed only Elias on the reports.
The return of Russia to Africa
Simpson sent Elias nothing on paper—he was briefed orally. It is also not clear who in those organizations knew about the roles of Fusion GPS and Steele, but one person "close to the matter" said the organizations were "not informed by the law firm of Fusion GPS's role".
Elias had denied that he had possessed the dossier before the election". Mayer said they both maintain they "didn't read the dossier until BuzzFeed posted it online. Despite Steele's generally cool manner, he seemed distraught about the Russians' role in the election. No news organizations ran any stories about the allegations at that time. However, they chose not to publish information that could not be confirmed. On October 31,a week before the election, Mother Jones reported that a former intelligence officer, whom they did not name, had produced a report based on Russian sources and turned it over to the FBI.
It maintained that Trump "and his inner circle have accepted a regular flow of intelligence from the Kremlin, including on his Democratic and other political rivals". It claimed that Russian intelligence had "compromised" Trump during his visits to Moscow and could "blackmail him". It also reported that Russian intelligence had compiled a dossier on Hillary Clinton based on "bugged conversations she had on various visits to Russia and intercepted phone calls.
Wood told McCain about the existence of the collected materials about Trump,  and also vouched for Steele's professionalism and integrity. Kramera longtime McCain aide and former U.