Cold War | Causes, Facts, & Summary | 572233.info
After World War II, relations between the United States and the Soviet Union began to deteriorate. There are reasons for this. Before the war ended, the United . During World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union fought together as allies against the Axis powers. However, the relationship between the two. After the war ended, these grievances ripened into an overwhelming sense of mutual. Although relations between the Soviet Union and the United States had been strained in the years before World War II, the U.S.-Soviet alliance of – was U.S.-Soviet relations had soured significantly following Stalin's decision to .
The struggle between superpowers The Cold War reached its peak in — In this period the Soviets unsuccessfully blockaded the Western-held sectors of West Berlin —49 ; the United States and its European allies formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATOa unified military command to resist the Soviet presence in Europe ; the Soviets exploded their first atomic warheadthus ending the American monopoly on the atomic bomb; the Chinese communists came to power in mainland China ; and the Soviet-supported communist government of North Korea invaded U.
From to Cold War tensions relaxed somewhat, largely owing to the death of the longtime Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin in ; nevertheless, the standoff remained. Another intense stage of the Cold War was in — The United States and the Soviet Union began developing intercontinental ballistic missilesand in the Soviets began secretly installing missiles in Cuba that could be used to launch nuclear attacks on U.
Soviet Union–United States relations
This sparked the Cuban missile crisisa confrontation that brought the two superpowers to the brink of war before an agreement was reached to withdraw the missiles. The two superpowers soon signed the Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty ofwhich banned aboveground nuclear weapons testing. National Archives and Records Administration Throughout the Cold War the United States and the Soviet Union avoided direct military confrontation in Europe and engaged in actual combat operations only to keep allies from defecting to the other side or to overthrow them after they had done so.
Thus, the Soviet Union sent troops to preserve communist rule in East GermanyHungaryCzechoslovakiaand Afghanistan For its part, the United States helped overthrow a left-wing government in Guatemalasupported an unsuccessful invasion of Cubainvaded the Dominican Republic and Grenadaand undertook a long —75 and unsuccessful effort to prevent communist North Vietnam from bringing South Vietnam under its rule see Vietnam War.
Soviet invasionCzechs confronting Soviet troops in Prague, August 21, Soviet forces had invaded Czechoslovakia to crush the reform movement known as the Prague Spring. A major split had occurred between the Soviet Union and China in and widened over the years, shattering the unity of the communist bloc. Less-powerful countries had more room to assert their independence and often showed themselves resistant to superpower coercion or cajoling.
To that end, the report called for a four-fold increase in defense spending. Visit Website In particular, American officials encouraged the development of atomic weapons like the ones that had ended World War II. In response, President Truman announced that the United States would build an even more destructive atomic weapon: As a result, the stakes of the Cold War were perilously high.
Soviet Union–United States relations - Wikipedia
The first H-bomb test, in the Eniwetok atoll in the Marshall Islands, showed just how fearsome the nuclear age could be. It created a square-mile fireball that vaporized an island, blew a huge hole in the ocean floor and had the power to destroy half of Manhattan.
Subsequent American and Soviet tests spewed poisonous radioactive waste into the atmosphere. The ever-present threat of nuclear annihilation had a great impact on American domestic life as well. People built bomb shelters in their backyards.
They practiced attack drills in schools and other public places. The s and s saw an epidemic of popular films that horrified moviegoers with depictions of nuclear devastation and mutant creatures. In the United States, space was seen as the next frontier, a logical extension of the grand American tradition of exploration, and it was crucial not to lose too much ground to the Soviets.Why the Soviet Union turned on the United States after WWII
In addition, this demonstration of the overwhelming power of the R-7 missile—seemingly capable of delivering a nuclear warhead into U. Inthe U. Army under the direction of rocket scientist Wernher von Braun, and what came to be known as the Space Race was underway. That same year, President Dwight Eisenhower signed a public order creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAa federal agency dedicated to space exploration, as well as several programs seeking to exploit the military potential of space.
Cold War History
Still, the Soviets were one step ahead, launching the first man into space in April Kennedy made the bold public claim that the U. Soviets, in turn, were pictured as the ultimate villains, with their massive, relentless efforts to surpass America and prove the power of the communist system.
The committee began a series of hearings designed to show that communist subversion in the United States was alive and well.
In HollywoodHUAC forced hundreds of people who worked in the movie industry to renounce left-wing political beliefs and testify against one another. More than people lost their jobs.