SAGE Reference - Sensation Seeking
The Relationship between Sensation Seeking and Risky Driving. Behavior in negative behaviors are referred to as aggressive or negative driving. Sensation seeking, and also the definition of risky driving behavior provided by Reason. aggressive lyrics, regardless of the sensation-seeking level and .. Sensation seeking is a personality trait defined by Zuckerman () as “. The Link between Sensation Seeking and Aggression: A Meta-Analytic Review. Article· Literature Review in Aggressive Behavior 37(1) · January
In this respect, scientific evidence suggests that there is a relationship between proactive aggression and certain traits of insensitivity and lack of empathy or guilt Frick and Dickens, Thus both reactive and proactive aggression have been associated with negative effects for development of the individual Hubbard et al. For example, such consequences as anxiety and depression in reactive aggressors Fite et al.
Sensation-seeking has been related to the development of aggressive behavior Wilson and Scarpa, Risk-taking, as proneness to acting impulsively to achieve reward even though there are negative consequences, would also be associated with aggression and delinquency Romer, Previous studies on the relationship between personality and antisocial behavior have shown that both failure to control impulses and sensation-seeking are related to aggression and rule-breaking Newcomb and McGee, Similarly, little inhibition in childhood leads to rule-breaking and becomes a risk factor for aggression in adolescents Moeller et al.
Findings such as these report the association between impulsive tendencies and the reactive and proactive forms of aggression. However, proactive aggressive individuals can show a stronger ability to regulate immediate aggressive impulses, channeling them into planned aggression Dodge et al.
Other authors, such as Steinberg et al. Recently, authors like Cui et al.
Sensation-Seeking and Impulsivity as Predictors of Reactive and Proactive Aggression in Adolescents
Moreover, two forms of aggression related to interpersonal relationships may be distinguished Buss, ; Valzelli, ; Grotpeter and Crick,physical direct and relational indirect aggression.
Some studies Stickle et al. Materials and Methods Participants A sample of high school students was selected by cluster sampling from eight high schools in the province of Almeria Spain.
The participants were aged 13—18 with a mean of Of the total simple, The distribution of our sample by academic year was: This scale measures the tendency to seek new risky experiences. The authors found reliability coefficients over 0.
This scale was developed to evaluate impulsive behavior defined as a state, that is, impulsivity as a manifest behavior that can vary in the short term. It consists of 20 items, with a response format based on a four-point Likert-type scale in which the subject is asked to evaluate the frequency with which each of the statements is true. The items that make up the scale are grouped into three subscales: Gratification urgency in satisfying impulses, preference for immediate reward, intolerance to frustration and tendency to act without thinking of negative consequences ; Automatism repeated, rigidly expressed behavior, with no attention to contextual variables ; and Attentional presence of unplanned behavior which takes place too soon without considering all the information available.
This is a self-report scale developed to evaluate the forms and functions of aggression. It consists of 40 items distributed among four subscales: The authors Marsee et al. Procedure This study was exempt from ethical approval, because the study did not involve any potential risk for the participants.Sensation & Perception - Crash Course Psychology #5
All participants provided written consent. Although, other researchers including Eysenckand Costa and McCrae considered the trait to be related to extraversionfactor-analytic studies conducted by Zuckerman suggested that sensation seeking is relatively independent of other major dimensions of personality.
A number of studies have found positive correlations between sensation seeking, especially the experience seeking component, and openness to experience. The honesty-humility factor of the HEXACO model has been shown to be negatively correlated with sensation seeking and risk taking behaviors. Sensation-seeking has a strong correlation with the Novelty Seeking scale of Cloninger 's Temperament and Character Inventory.
So, sensation-seeking parents are likely to have sensation-seeking children. The scale predicts how well people tolerate sensory deprivation sessions. Sensation seeking increases with age from childhood to adolescence. It then starts to decrease after it peaks in the late adolescence years of Studies in Australia, Canada, and Spain found similar gender differences in total sensation seeking, thrill and adventure seeking and boredom susceptibility.
Marital status is also related to sensation seeking, as studies have found that divorced males tend to be higher in the trait compared to single or married men. Alcohol use has been linked to sensation seeking, especially the disinhibition and experience seeking subscales.