Information for partners and carers of men affected by prostate cancer | PCFA
Knowing the stage of prostate cancer helps the doctor plan the best treatment for you. Learn more about staging & prognosis for prostate cancer now. Prostate cancer staging helps determine how big your tumor is, Knowing the stage of your cancer helps your cancer team: Related MedlinePlus Health Topics The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. The mean age at the time of prostate cancer diagnosis is years and 85% of new . Determining the degree of spread of the cancer is known as 'staging'. The prognosis is also related to the grade of the cancer, represented by the Gleason . Defining and updating the American Cancer Society guidelines for the.
The Gleason scoring system is used to show how abnormal or different the cancer tissue is, when compared with normal tissue.
The two most common patterns of growth seen in the biopsy sample are each given a number from 1 to 5, and then these two numbers are added together to give the Gleason score e. The greater the difference from the normal tissue pattern, the higher the Gleason Score, the more aggressive the cancer acts in the body. The lowest Gleason score of a cancer that can be found on a prostate biopsy is 6. As well as using the Gleason score system to grade prostate cancer, the doctor can tell the stage of the cancer.
The TNM system has three scores: By doing a digital rectal examination DREthe doctor can feel if the tumour is in the prostate or whether it has spread just outside the prostate and into nearby areas.
Prognosis and survival for prostate cancer - Canadian Cancer Society
An MRI scan can also be used for this purpose. This shows if the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes in the pelvic region. This shows if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body such as bones. A bone scan is used for this purpose. This information combined with the Gleason score informs decisions about the best treatment approach. Prostate cancer tumour stages The tumour or cancer cannot be felt by the doctor during examination T2 The cancer can be felt but it has not spread outside of the prostate T3 The cancer has spread outside of the prostate into nearby tissues T4 The cancer has spread into nearby organs such as the bladder Listed below are some questions that may be useful to ask members of the healthcare team about the diagnostic: What are the results?
What do they mean? What is the biopsy result? What does it mean? This is also called clinical staging.
- Prostate cancer staging
- Prognosis and survival for prostate cancer
- Prostate cancer staging
PSA refers to a protein made by the prostate measured by a lab test. A higher level of PSA can indicate a more advanced cancer. The doctors will also look at how fast the PSA levels have been increasing from test to test.
A faster increase could show a more aggressive tumor. A prostate biopsy is done in your doctor's office. The results can indicate: How much of the prostate is involved.
A number from 2 to 10 that shows how closely the cancer cells look like normal cells when viewed under a microscope.
Scores less than 6 suggest the cancer is slow growing and not aggressive. Higher numbers indicate a faster growing cancer that is more likely to spread. Using the results from these tests, your doctor can tell you your clinical stage.
Prognosis and survival for prostate cancer
At times, this is enough information to make decisions about your treatment. Surgical staging pathological staging is based on what your doctor finds if you have surgery to remove the prostate and perhaps some of the lymph nodes.
Lab tests are done on the tissue that's removed. This staging helps determine what other treatment you may need might. It also helps predict what to expect after treatment ends.
What the Stages Mean The higher the stage, the more advanced the cancer. The cancer is found only in only one part of the prostate. Stage I is called localized prostate cancer.
It cannot be felt during a digital rectal exam or seen with imaging tests. The cancer is more advanced than stage I. It has not spread beyond the prostate and is still called localized.
The cells are less normal than cells in stage I, and may grow more rapidly. There are two types of stage II prostate cancer: Stage IIA is most likely found in only one side of the prostate. Stage IIB may be found in both sides of the prostate.