Relationship of Public Administration with Economics - Essay
Politics and public administration are very closely linked. Lets understand the relationship between political science and public administration. Still like ships that pass in the night? The relationship between public administration and management studies. Abstract. In recent times, research on public. A masters in public administration is obviously a field of study. and planning from private management that places an emphasis on relationships between.
So, a comprehensive understanding of both the subjects is mutually inclusive to each other, to learn one, the other has to be mastered as well. Another important academic field from which public administration heavily borrows and is deeply influenced is the Sociology.
It is a branch of study which deals with social order, change, class, conflict, problems, associations and institutions. According to Marshal Edward Dimock, administration takes place in a social setting and it is the society which determines the pattern of administration.
He goes ahead and adds that through an administrative leadership however, the society itself can be changed for good. He says that the job of a public administrator is not mere administration but that of a social engineer who can bring about desirable changes in the society.
What is the Difference Between Public Management and Public Administration?
In the modern times, the various activities which the society governed and administered itself like community welfare, health, security etc have been taken over by the Government and public administration departments. Public administrators have long been the "eyes and ears" of rulers.
In medieval times, the abilities to read and write, add and subtract were as dominated by the educated elite as public employment. Consequently, the need for expert civil servants whose ability to read and write formed the basis for developing expertise in such necessary activities as legal record-keeping, paying and feeding armies and levying taxes.
As the European Imperialist age progressed and the militarily powers extended their hold over other continents and people, the need for a sophisticated public administration grew.Public Policy vs Public Administration
The field of management may well be said to have originated in ancient China,  including possibly the first highly centralized bureaucratic state, and the earliest by the second century BC example of an administration based on merit through testing. Creel and other scholars find the influence of Chinese administration in Europe by the 12th century, for example, in Fredrick II 's promulgations, characterized as the "birth certificate of modern bureaucracy". Creel writes that, in Shen Buhai, there are the "seeds of the civil service examination ", and that, if one wishes to exaggerate, it would "no doubt be possible to translate Shen Buhai's term Shu, or technique, as 'science'", and argue that he was the first political scientist, though Creel does "not care to go this far".
The universities of Frankfurt an der Oder and University of Halle were Prussian institutions emphasizing economic and social disciplines, with the goal of societal reform. Johann Heinrich Gottlob Justi was the most well-known professor of Cameralism. Thus, from a Western European perspective, Classic, Medieval, and Enlightenment-era scholars formed the foundation of the discipline that has come to be called public administration.
Lorenz von Steinan German professor from Viennais considered the founder of the science of public administration in many parts of the world. In the time of Von Stein, public administration was considered a form of administrative law, but Von Stein believed this concept too restrictive. Von Stein taught that public administration relies on many prestablished disciplines such as sociologypolitical scienceadministrative law and public finance.
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- Relationship of Public Administration with Economics – Essay
He called public administration an integrating science, and stated that public administrators should be concerned with both theory and practice. He argued that public administration is a science because knowledge is generated and evaluated according to the scientific method.
Modern American public administration is an extension of democratic governance, justified by classic and liberal philosophers of the western world ranging from Aristotle to John Locke  to Thomas Jefferson.
He first formally recognized public administration in an article entitled " The Study of Administration ". The future president wrote that "it is the object of administrative study to discover, first, what government can properly and successfully do, and, secondly, how it can do these proper things with the utmost possible efficiency and at the least possible cost either of money or of energy". Separation of politics and administration Comparative analysis of political and private organizations Improving efficiency with business-like practices and attitudes toward daily operations Improving the effectiveness of public service through management and by training civil servants, merit -based assessment The separation of politics and administration has been the subject of lasting debate.
The different perspectives regarding this dichotomy contribute to differentiating characteristics of the suggested generations of public administration. By the s, scholars of public administration had responded to Wilson's solicitation and thus textbooks in this field were introduced. Frederick Taylor —another prominent scholar in the field of administration and management also published a book entitled The Principles of Scientific Management He believed that scientific analysis would lead to the discovery of the "one best way" to do things or carrying out an operation.
This, according to him could help save cost and time.
Taylor's technique was later introduced to private industrialists, and later into the various government organizations Jeong, Taylor's scientific management consisted of main four principles Frederick W.
Replace rule-of-thumb work methods with methods based on a scientific study of the tasks.
Scientifically select, train, and develop each employee rather than passively leaving them to train themselves. Provide "detailed instruction and supervision of each worker in the performance of that worker's discrete task" Montgomery Divide work nearly equally between managers and workers, so that the managers apply scientific management principles to planning the work and the workers actually perform the tasks. Taylor had very precise ideas about how to introduce his system approach: Is usually a middle-level authority Administration: Has long been connected with government office, military organization, or educational organization.
Has long been connected with business enterprises in the private or non-profit sectors. Has been traditionally seen as making decisions based on politics, public opinion, or government policies Management: Has been traditionally seen as making decisions based on personal values, opinions of managers, or the value to the bottom line profits.
Handles the business of the organization.
Public administration - Wikipedia
Handles the relationships among employees. No doubt, administration and management will be used interchangeably in some situations. You may even find yourself in a unique position to shape those definitions for local community, state, or national organizations.
Any public service venture does require components of both administration and management to accomplish their mission.