From Russia with love-hate: Israeli ties with Moscow have always been complex | The Times of Israel
educating the aMerican Public: FPRI was founded on the premise than an Historical, cultural, and social ties play a role in the Russia-Israel relationship, and. Israeli and Russian military delegations meet in Moscow, Russia, December Russia's envoy says plane downing still rankles, blames US for fatal Gaza riots. Israel doesn't have much love to Russia, but Israel has at least 25% Jews of Russian However, just like the U.S., Russia also has ton of Arab allies and these.
The United States and six other countries opposed the resolution. By Septemberhowever, Russia may have wished that it had constructed a security fence of its own separating the rest of the Russian Federation from Chechnya, after a series of Chechen terrorist attacks culminated in the seizure of a Russian school in Beslan that led to the deaths of people, many of them children.
This may have prompted Foreign Minister Lavrov, on a visit to Israel as part of a post-Beslan Middle East tour during which Russia sought world support against Chechen terrorism, to accept an Israeli offer to cooperate in the area of counterterrorism.
The Israeli offer included the sharing of information on safeguarding critical installations, the training of counterterrorism specialists, and the exchange of intelligence data. Unfortunately, for Putin, two events in the September-November period made both Putin and Russia look weak: To counter this image, Putin decided to formulate a new strategy for Russia in the Middle East, where the U.
Seeking to exploit the weakened U. Subsequently, he was also to court the leading Sunni powers in the Middle East — Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates — while still trying to maintain good bilateral ties with Israel. Aiding the Anti-Israelis Syria was a target of opportunity for Russia as it sought to rebuild its position in the Middle East.
By the beginning ofSyria was under heavy pressure on two fronts. Not only had the UN Security Council condemned its activities in Lebanon, but the United States was complaining that Syria had become a conduit for foreign jihadists fighting in Iraq. These were further signs of support for Damascus, which was under increasing pressure because of the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri. Then, the special commission investigating the assassination of Hariri, under the leadership of German police officer Detlev Mehlis, issued an interim report in October implicating high-ranking members of the Syrian government and noting that the Syrian regime had obstructed cooperation with the commission.
At the same time, a committee under Norwegian statesman Terje Larsen issued a report to the UN, stating that Syria, despite pulling its forces out of Lebanon, had continued to supply Lebanese and Palestinian militias there with weaponry. As in the case of Iran, Moscow sought to prevent the sanctions and succeeded in somewhat watering down the Security Council criticism of Syria.America & Israeli Air force NASTY SURPRISE for China, Russia, Iran + North Korea military
Indeed, during his visit, Putin called for a Middle East peace conference to be held in Moscow. In the Palestinian territories, Putin promised the newly elected Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas 50 armored personnel carriers for his security forces, while telling the Israelis that he would do nothing to hurt their country and that he had turned down an agreement to sell advanced Iskander ground-to-ground missiles to Syria.
Most Israelis doubted him, however, given the surface-to-air missile sale to Syria and the nuclear agreement with Iran.
What is the relationship like between Israel and Russia? - Quora
Indeed, as Moscow stepped up its aid to Iran throughout the remainder ofRussian-Israeli relations deteriorated. Consequently, in late FebruaryRussia signed the final agreement for the supply of nuclear fuel to the Bushehr reactor.
Making matters worse, Ahmadinejad called for an end to the Zionist state and denied the Holocaust. Despite such utterances, in NovemberMoscow signed an agreement with Tehran to provide it with sophisticated short-range Tor surface-to-air missiles that could be used to protect its nuclear installations against a possible Israeli or American attack.
As Putin was increasing Russian support for Iran, he also tried to prevent the Arab and Muslim worlds from aiding the rebellion in Chechnya. Thus, he obtained for Russia observer status in the Organization of the Islamic Conference OICand sided with the Muslim world by denouncing some Danish newspaper cartoons that were seen by Muslims as insulting to Islam. For the same reason, he pursued an improved relationship with Saudi Arabia, an effort that bore some fruit as the Saudi government, distancing itself from the Chechen rebels, promised to help in the reconstruction of Chechnya.
Despite Syria, Israel-Russia relations are the warmest in history - Israel News - Jerusalem Post
When the Hamas delegation came to Moscow, Putin had a number of objectives. First, he associated Russia with the Arab consensus to give Hamas time to change its policies, and in the meantime to work with a Hamas government and not to sanction it.
Russia was widely praised in the Arab world for its invitation, which also bestowed a modicum of legitimacy on Hamas, much to the anger of Israel, which saw Hamas as a terrorist enemy seeking to destroy it.
Another goal for Putin was to get Hamas, an Islamist organization, to downplay the Chechen issue. Hamas complied, with delegation leader Khalid Mashal stating after a meeting with Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov that the Chechen separatists were an internal Russian problem. The comment drew a bitter reaction from the Chechen rebels.
What next for Russian-Israeli relations?
In the aftermath of the war, Russia sent a group of engineers to rebuild some of the bridges destroyed in the conflict, but did not offer troops for the expanded UNIFIL contingent in southern Lebanon, whose mission, at least in theory, was to prevent the rearming of Hezbollah.
Olmert had three issues to discuss with Putin: A secondary list of priorities focused on Russian-Israeli relations, including trade — especially the potential purchase of Russian natural gas — and bilateral cooperation in arms sales to third countries. Trade with a high-tech country like Israel, especially in the area of nanotechnology, would help achieve this goal.
Given the results of the meeting, it appears that Putin fared far better than did Olmert. This seemed to be a mutually advantageous deal for both Russia and Israel.
Turkey in had failed to use the amount of gas it had contracted with Russia to purchase, and Israel needed more of the product. In addition to natural gas purchases from Egypt, Israel had planned to obtain natural gas from a field off of Gaza; because of the rise of Hamas, however, Israel saw the Gaza project as unlikely.
The latter, particularly after the Israeli-Hezbollah war, had become increasingly suspicious of Iran, Syria, Hezbollah and Hamas.
Then, in Marchfollowing the trip, Putin agreed to additional very limited sanctions. The energy deals were especially important to Moscow, as its own production of oil and especially natural gas appeared to have almost peaked.
However, following the U. National Intelligence Estimate on Iran of Decemberwhich argued that Iran had given up its nuclear-weapons program and hence was not an immediate threat, Moscow, perceiving diminishing pressure from the Gulf Arabs and the United States on this issue, went ahead with the sale of the nuclear fuel the shipments were completed by February For their part, the Sunni Arab states, increasingly unhappy with U.
The one major problem Moscow encountered in the Arab world in dealt with the Palestinians. In June of that year, Hamas seized power in Gaza, killing a number of Fatah officials working there. With Fatah and Hamas now at loggerheads — Abbas fired the Hamas prime minister and replaced him with one of his own appointees, Salam Fayyad, who had a reputation for fiscal honesty and was close to the Western financial community — Moscow faced a difficult problem of choice.
In addition, Moscow increased its backing for the Arab Peace Plan, first introduced in and then reintroduced inwhich all the Arab states had endorsed.
Perhaps most important, Russia called for reconciliation between Hamas and Fatah as a necessary precondition for the peace conference to take place. Thus, at the time of the Russian invasion of Georgia, Russia was following a policy of encouraging the main anti-American and anti-Israeli forces in the Middle East, while at the same time trying to draw the major Sunni Arab states away from their alignment with the United States, and also trying to maintain good bilateral ties with Israel.
Impact of the Georgia Invasion Syria In an almost classic case of political opportunism, Bashar al-Asad seized upon the Russian invasion of Georgia — and the fact that Israel along with Germany, France, the United States and Turkey had provided military equipment and training to the Georgian military — to try to convince the reluctant Russians to sell Syria the weapons it had long coveted but so far failed to succeed in buying.
The Russian defence ministry accused Israel of being responsible for the tragic incident, saying that the Israeli fighter jets used the Russian aircraft as a shield when the Syrian air defence system started firing at them. It also claimed that Tel Aviv gave a one-minute warning before launching the operation and did not specify that it was going after a target in Latakia province, which is home to Russia's Hmeimim airbase.
The Israeli government rejected the accusations and even sent a defence delegation to Russia to provide clarification. Its efforts, however, do not seem to have pacified the Russian defence ministry, which on September 24 announced that it was going to deploy a modern S system to Syria. This could curb Israel's ability to launch air operations in Syria and exacerbate further the already strained Russian-Israeli relations. The Tehran problem When Russia launched its direct military intervention in Syria in SeptemberIsrael welcomed it because it saw it as a way to contain Iran.
The two countries reached a mutual understanding not to cross each other's red lines. While Moscow conceded that Iranian proximity to Israeli borders may be undesirable as it could drag Israel into the Syrian war, Tel Aviv acknowledged the security of the Assad regime was not to be compromised. Because of their close ties, Israel tolerated the expansion of Iranian forces towards its borders in support of Russian operations in Syria securing the success of the counter-offensive against the Syrian armed opposition.
At the same time, Russia gave Israel considerable operational freedom when it came to its national security interests in Syria. To ensure that there are no problems with Israeli air force operations, from the very start of its direct military intervention in Syria, Russia established a hotline with Israel.
And according to former Israeli Defence Minister Moshe Ya'alon, Tel Aviv did not have to inform Moscow of its operations, as the Russian military is able to identify Israeli jets and not interfere in their operations. Since the beginning ofIsrael has intensified its attacks on Iranian and Hezbollah targets in Syria with Russia's tacit consent. Yet the policy of non-interference in Israel's limited and calculated operations in Syria was mistakenly perceived by the Israeli government as a nod of approval by Moscow.
Yet, Russia has not made any major moves to contain Iran. In fact, over the past three years, its military successes have allowed Iran to entrench its presence in Syria, shattering Israel's hopes and straining relations between the two countries.
Russian officials, including Russian President Vladimir Putinhave consistently made it clear to Israeli counterparts that they do not see Iran's presence in Syria as an existential threat to Israel.
Over the past year, Iranian presence in Syria has increasingly become a point of tension between Moscow and Tel Aviv.