Explain the relationship between sociology and geography

Relation of Sociology with Other Social Sciences

explain the relationship between sociology and geography

Answer. sociology deals with society[people];how people interact,their culture, norms,values just like other social sciences like psychology,economics. OF SOCIOLOGY blances, and significant types, is a task of sociology; to explain The distinction between sociology and psychology is like that between the parts of sociology. The parallel between the relation of geography and that of. The Sociology of Personal Relationships Has intimacy been transformed in contemporary society? Discuss with reference to a relationship between a couple .

The sociology of consumption is interesting in consumptions culture, consumption society, and consumption theories and theorizes consumption. Sociological marketing is interesting in consumer behavior and retail etc.

Relation of Sociology with Other Social Sciences

So that Sociological marketing is applied sociology. What is the relation between politics and geography?

explain the relationship between sociology and geography

I'm not an expert, but I think the physical environment influences politics. For example, an inland culture tends to be more insular and traditionalist.

explain the relationship between sociology and geography

A coastal culture tend…s to be more progressive because those people are more exposed to foreign contacts. What is the relation between geography and maths? The investigation of the nature of our planet Is a human attempt, which is expressed in many different criteria, one ot which Is geography.

Sociology - Department of Sociology and Human Geography

To the geographer, his 'field is the descriptive science of space area. Such a det1n1tlon gives rOQID for both qualitative and quantitative aspects which are combined necessarily, by nature of the geographer's quest.

The intensity with which the quantitative aspect, that is to say, the scientific method as used in geography, Is limited to a level far below that ot the qualltatlve intensity.

The author agrees with the contemporary Italian and German schools of geography, which stress rightfully the importance of science in geographical investigations and teachings.


Considering the method of investigation, the science fields in geography are three: The 8cien What is the relation between ethics and sociology? What is the relation between ethics and sociology?. Sociology is the study of society. Evans Pritchard considers social anthropology to be a branch of sociology. In the same way, some of the conclusions drawn by sociologists have also helped the anthropologists. For example, anthropologists like Morgan and his followers have come to the conclusion regarding the existence of primitive communism from the conception of private property in our modern society.

It studies its political and legal problems, family organisation, religion, art, industries and occupations etc. Sociology studies only its particular aspects. The focus of sociologist is social interaction. Secondly, Anthropology studies cultures which are small and static while Sociology studies civilizations which are vast and dynamic. Thirdly, Anthropology and Sociology are separate sciences as the former is the study of man and his culture as they developed in times long past; while the latter studies the same phenomena as they are at present.

It does not make any suggestions for the future. The fact that society is influenced by economic factors while economic processes are largely determined by the social environments clearly proves that the relation between Sociology and Economics is very intimate.

Economics is defined as a study of mankind in ordinary business of life or to be more exact, it is the science of wealth in its three phases of production, distribution and consumption. It is thus concerned with that part of individual and social action which is most closely connected with the attainment and with use of material requisites of well being.

Economics, in other words, is concerned with material welfare of the human beings. But economic welfare is only a part of human welfare and it can be sought only with the proper knowledge of social laws. Economics cannot go far ahead without the help of sociology and other social sciences.

For instance, in order to solve economic problems of unemployment, poverty, business cycle or inflation an economist has to take into consideration the social phenomena existing at the particular time.

Sociology is thus of considerable help to economics in providing specific data into which economic generalisations may be fitted.

Economic and social order is inextricably interwoven. Many of the problems of sociology and economics are common. The problems of population growth, environmental pollution, slum clearance, child and family welfare, and urbanisation are as much economic as sociological which cannot be solved unless and until the social attitudes of the people are given due consideration.

The theories of socialism, communism, democracy and welfare state are nothing but the theories of social reorganisation.

explain the relationship between sociology and geography

Economic forces play a very important role in every aspect of our social life. It is for this reason that sociologists have been concerned with economic institutions. The earliest sociologists like Spencer have included the economic activity of man in their analysis of social relationships.

Sumner, Durkheim and Weber also approached the study of society through its economic institutions. Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels had gone to the extent of asserting that economic factor was the sole motive force of the society. Since their times, economic determination Economic conditions have a determining influence over the social has found a significant place in the theories of many social scientists seeking to explain this vital phenomenon.

In spite of inter-dependence of these two sciences, as explained above they are quite distinct from each other, i the field of sociology is wider, firstly, the field of Economics is restricted only to the economic activities of man whereas Sociology is concerned with all the relationships which are not simply economic but social. The scope of Sociology is thus much wider than that of economics; ii Sociology has a comprehensive viewpoint.

But a sociologist, on the other hand, is primarily interested in the social aspects of economic activities rather than in the mechanism of production and distribution, iii Economics is much older than Sociology. Thirdly, economics is much older a science than sociology.

Though philosophers like Comte would subordinate economics to, and include it in sociology. Sociology is a science of only recent growth whereas economics has attained an advanced degree of maturity. It has been realised from ancient times that Geography has a great impact on human society, the influences of geographical conditions on human society are predominant and that there is a close relationship between physical conditions and social phonemena.

Geographical environment as defined by MacIver consists of those conditions that nature provides for man. It includes the earth surface with all its physical features and natural resources, the distribution of land and water, mountain and plains, minerals, plants and animals, the climate and all the cosmic forces, gravitational, electric, radiational that play upon the earth and affect the life of man. There is no denying the fact that there is a correspondence between physical conditions and modes of living e.

One can also observe the differences between the modes and exigencies of human life in mountains, in the plains and by the seaboard, in the desert and in the forest. Some of the thinkers have attributed a dominant role to Geography, regarding it as the primary determinant of wealth and health, the size or energy of populations, of their customs and social organisations, of their creeds and philosophies.

One of the pioneers of modern social geography was a Frenchman Le Play who in his important study of European workers had developed the thesis that locality determines work and thus has a great influence on the economic organisation of the family and this social institutions of the people. The emphasis of Le Play and his successors upon the relationship between the characteristics of the physical environment and social development has influenced the sociologists at other places also.

They have made us aware of the inter-play between climate and topography and the various aspects of the physical environment on the one side and the political and economic, technological and cultural phenomena on the other. But we should not lay too much stress on geographical factors determining the social life in a particular region. It is not necessary that similar environments should produce similar cultures.

We have even in primitive societies different occupations being followed by different people in the same regional setting. The geographical environments alone never explain the rise of a civilization.

explain the relationship between sociology and geography

The growth of civilization changes and minimises the direct influence of local geographical conditions. Many of the occupations of the modern man have no relation to the geographical environments. As the social heritage grows the immediate geographical factors would assume a less determinant role in the interpretation of society. Man has assumed great control over natural factors so that the overall influence of geographical forces is no longer overpowering.

The fact, however, remains that geography is a contributing, if not a determining, factor of human progress and, therefore, the relation between Sociology and Geography is intimate.

Ethics is the science of morality. It is concerned with the moral rightness and wrongness of human action.

Ethics and Sociology are intimately related to each other. Man is a social being. He acquires moral standards notions of right and wrong as a member of a social group. In other words, it is the society which influences the mental and moral development of the individual and it is the individual who in return seeks to conform his actions to the moral standards of his social group.

Thus the real significance of moral life lies amidst a social group or in society. Sociology is primarily concerned with the study of the social groups and it investigates into all aspects of human life — economic, political, religious, moral and cultural.

Ethics throws light on the moral life of the primitive individuals and institutions. This provides a background of human conduct and may thus serve a good purpose for contrasting and comparing the moral conduct of the modern life with that of the primitive man.

Further, the personal good of the individual must at the same time be in harmony with the general good of the society as a whole. It is here that both Sociology and Ethics come close to each other. This close relationship between the two has induced some ethical thinkers to regard Ethics as a branch of Sociology.

An ethics worked out upon the basis of the knowledge furnished by the sciences will make a larger use, therefore, of sociological knowledge than of any other form of scientific knowledge. Firstly, Sociology is a positive science, while Ethics is a normative science. Sociology studies institutions, customs and manners as they are or have been while Ethics looks upon them as they ought to be.

Secondly, Sociology studies men and their social relations collectively while Ethics studies men individually as moral agents of the society. Thirdly, Sociology is merely speculative and has no practical bearing on any field of social life. Ethics, on the other hand, has some practical bearing on our conduct. It seeks to formulate the rules of conduct which all people should observe.

Fourthly, Sociology employs mainly historical method in the investigation of its problems. Ethics, on the other hand, seeks to explain human conduct with reference to an end or ideal.

Finally, while Sociology is concerned- with the study of progress of social groups from the point of view of time, Ethics is concerned with the progress of society from the point of view of morality.

Sociology and Social Psychology: Social Psychology deals with mental processes of man considered as a social being. Sociology, on the other hand, studies the various kinds of groups which compose the society. Social Psychology has to depend on Sociology to understand properly human nature and behaviour as it is Sociology which provides the necessary material regarding the structure, organisation and culture of societies to which individuals belong. They recognise the importance among other things of psychological factors in understanding the changes in social structure.

The improved understanding of human behaviour will make the science of sociology more objective and realistic. Mc Dougall and Freud were of the view that whole of the social life could be reduced finally to psychological forces.

In that case Sociology would be reduced to a mere branch of Psychology. But this view cannot be accepted as the causes affecting social behaviour are other than psychological also like the economic, geographical, political etc. Social life cannot, therefore, be studied exclusively with the methods of the Psychologists. The fact of mutual dependence of Social Psychology and Sociology should not be interpreted to mean that one is either identical with or the branch of the other.

As a matter of fact there are important points of distinction between these two related fields of investigation: Firstly, Sociology is a study of the society as a whole while Social Psychology is merely the study of individuals in interaction as members of groups and of the effect of that interaction on them. Sociology has been aptly compared to the science of mechanics which considers masses of matter and properties of matter in mass, and Social Psychology to Molecular Physics which deals with molecules and their invocation in view of the fact that Sociology studies the organisation of social groups, their central values and the various forms of institutional behaviour arising on account of them and Social Psychology is concerned with the individuals as members of the group.

The individual is the unit of analysis in Social Psychology. Further, Sociology and Social Psychology deal with social life from different angles. The former studies society from the viewpoint of the community element while the latter from the viewpoint of psychological factors involved. Jurisprudence is the science of law. It is concerned with the study of the entire body of legal principles. Jurisprudence and Sociology are intimately related to each other. Sociology is the study of man in society.

Law controls and regulates actions of human beings in society and it is, therefore, a subject of great importance for the sociologists. There is, however, difference of approach of a sociologist and of a lawyer to the subject of law.

A lawyer is concerned with the rules that men ought to obey; he is not interested in knowing how and to what extent these rules govern the behaviour of ordinary citizens. A sociologist, on the other hand, is interested in law as a social phenomenon.