Federalist Papers - HISTORY
The Federalist is a collection of 85 articles and essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James The authors of The Federalist intended to influence the voters to ratify the Constitution. In "Federalist No. 1", they explicitly .. Journal of the American Statistical Association (June, ), pp. – (Full text via JSTOR.). Ratification of the constitution? The Federalist was aimed at convincing New Yorkers to ratify the Constitution. The constitution required 3/4 of the states to ratify it. Ten months of public and private debate were required to secure ratification by the James Madison Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress ( 02) .. Such optimism proved premature as Anti-Federalist opponents of the.
If necessary, refer to a dictionary or your government textbook. The second activity after each selection is intended as an individual or homework assignment. Federalist Paper Alexander Hamilton The principle purposes to be answered by Union are these -- The common defense of the members -- the preservation of the public peace as well as against internal convulsions as external attacks -- the regulation of commerce with other nations and between the States -- the superintendence of our intercourse, political and commercial, with foreign countries.
According to Hamilton, what are the main purposes of forming a Union under the Constitution? Make a list in your own words.
Do the majority of Hamilton's purposes relate to domestic or to foreign affairs? Individual Assignment Which one of Hamilton's purposes do you think is the most important for the United States today?
Explain your answer in about words. Federalist Paper James Madison The accumulation of all powers legislative, executive and judiciary in the same hands, whether of one, a few or many, and whether hereditary, self appointed, or elective, may justly be pronounced the very definition of tyranny. According to this excerpt, do you think Madison supported or opposed the principle of "separation of powers"? Refer to your government textbook if you are not familiar with this term.
Why do you think Madison held this view of the "separation of powers"? Individual Assignment In about words, describe a government in which all legislative, executive and judicial power is in the hands of one person or a single small group. Federalist Paper James Madison If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary. In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: You must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place, oblige it to control itself.
Which of the following statements would Madison agree with based on his views in the above excerpt? The people should elect government leaders who act like angels. Elected government officials should be controlled by a system of "checks and balances. What would you say was Madison's general opinion of people in government: Individual Assignment Find and describe five examples of "checks and balances" in the Constitution refer to your government textbook.
Federalist Paper Alexander Hamilton The original intent of the Constitution was to place no limit on the number of times an individual could be elected president. However, after Franklin D. Roosevelt won four presidential elections in a row, a constitutional amendment the 22nd was passed limiting a person to two terms as president.
In the following selection, Hamilton argues against limiting the number of presidential terms. That experience is the parent of wisdom is an adage, the truth of which is recognized by the wisest as well as the simplest of mankind. What more desirable or more essential than this quality in the government of nations? What argument does Hamilton give against limiting the number of times a person may be elected president?
What could have been one of the arguments used by those who proposed the 22nd Amendment? Individual Assignment President Reagan remarked that there should not be a limit on the number of times a person may serve as president. Do you agree we should go back to the original intent of the Constitution and allow individuals to be elected for any number of presidential terms?
Federalist Paper Alexander Hamilton "If then the courts of justice are to be considered as the bulwarks of a limited constitution against legislative encroachments, this consideration will afford a strong argument for the permanent tenure of judicial offices, since nothing will contribute so much as this to that independent spirit in the judges, which must be essential to the faithful performance of so arduous a duty.
This independence of the judges is equally requisite to guard the constitution and the rights of individuals from the effects of. What does Hamilton mean by "the permanent tenure of judicial offices"?
Does Hamilton support or oppose this idea? On September 27,"Cato" first appeared in the New York press criticizing the proposition; "Brutus" followed on October 18, In response, Alexander Hamilton decided to launch a measured defense and extensive explanation of the proposed Constitution to the people of the state of New York.
He wrote in Federalist No. He enlisted John Jay, who after four strong essays Federalist Nos. Gouverneur Morris and William Duer were also considered, however Morris turned down the invitation and Hamilton rejected three essays written by Duer. Alexander Hamilton chose the pseudonymous name "Publius".
While many other pieces representing both sides of the constitutional debate were written under Roman names, Albert Furtwangler contends that "'Publius' was a cut above ' Caesar ' or ' Brutus ' or even ' Cato. His more famous name, Publicola, meant 'friend of the people.
Chase's patriotism was questioned when Hamilton revealed that Chase had taken advantage of knowledge gained in Congress to try to dominate the flour market.
Authorship[ edit ] At the time of publication, the authors of The Federalist Papers attempted to hide their identities for fear of prosecution. Astute observers, however, correctly discerned the identities of Hamilton, Madison, and Jay.
Establishing authorial authenticity of the essays that comprise The Federalist Papers has not always been clear. After Alexander Hamilton died ina list emerged, claiming that he alone had written two-thirds of The Federalist essays. Some believe that several of these essays were, in fact, written by James Madison No. The scholarly detective work of Douglass Adair in postulated the following assignments of authorship, corroborated in by a computer analysis of the text: Alexander Hamilton 51 articles: In a span of ten months, a total of 85 articles were written by the three men.
Hamilton, who had been a leading advocate of national constitutional reform throughout the s and represented New York at the Constitutional Conventionin became the first Secretary of the Treasurya post he held until his resignation in Madison, who is now acknowledged as the father of the Constitution—despite his repeated rejection of this honor during his lifetime,  became a leading member of the U.
House of Representatives from Virginia —Secretary of State —and ultimately the fourth President of the United States. Although written and published with haste, The Federalist articles were widely read and greatly influenced the shape of American political institutions.
At times, three to four new essays by Publius appeared in the papers in a single week. Garry Wills observes that this fast pace of production "overwhelmed" any possible response: And no time was given.
However, they were only irregularly published outside New York, and in other parts of the country they were often overshadowed by local writers. The high demand for the essays led to their publication in a more permanent form.
The Federalist Papers - Wikipedia
On January 1,the New York publishing firm J. McLean announced that they would publish the first thirty-six essays as a bound volume; that volume was released on March 22,and was titled The Federalist Volume 1. A second bound volume containing Federalist 37—77 and the yet to be published Federalist 78—85 was released on May InGeorge Hopkins published an American edition that similarly named the authors.
Hopkins wished as well that "the name of the writer should be prefixed to each number," but at this point Hamilton insisted that this was not to be, and the division of the essays among the three authors remained a secret.