How Are The Mind And Brain Related? | Issue 65 | Philosophy Now
Gerald Edelman (Bright Air Brilliant Fire: On the Matter of the Mind, ) proposes two Central to the issue of the mind/brain relationship is an explanation of. The relationship between brain and mind is same. Your brain is the physical representation of your mind and Your mind is the abstract representation of your . But it is undisputed that the mind is not the brain and the brain is not the mind. However, there is a connection between both in the working processes of the.
Man has long known that human beings have the unique capacity for thought. Ancient Greek physicians, before Hippocrates BCheld that life was maintained in the human body by a balance of natural forces. Food eaten and digested was believed to produce the four primary humors. Blood was thought to originate in the heart, yellow bile in the liver, black bile in the spleen, and phlegm in the brain.
This innate heat, in turn, generated the humors from the food that was eaten and kept them in balance. Thus, the essential ingredient of man's composition was innate heat. The humors bore a direct relationship to the four natural elements-fire, air, earth, and water-and therefore, the four qualities of hot, dry, cold and wet.
Vestiges of these beliefs survive in our descriptions of personalities as phlegmatic, sanguine, bilious, etc. The brain was thought to cool circulating blood, and neither Plato or Hippocrates addressed the issue of mind directly.
- Understanding Brain, Mind and Soul: Contributions from Neurology and Neurosurgery
Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine, first made the associations between brain and emotion, and pain and thought. He disagreed with the theory of humors and claimed that illness was due to natural causes. So mental operations may very well have neurobiological mechanisms undergirding them, and yet still the mind is non-corporeal. We should not identify the mechanisms of the brain with the mental operations these mechanisms subserve. The argument from irreducibility for the existence of a non-corporeal mind seems to remain viable: Can you think of any?
A good example would be the understanding. If not, a non-corporeal mind is still necessary. If people act intentionally upon motivations, other people can observe these actions and thereby infer the existence of other acting, intentional minds. Now whatever lacks intelligence cannot move towards an end, unless it be directed by some being endowed with knowledge and intelligence.
Therefore one can infer the existence of intellectual minds animating the bodies. The brain, in that case, is a time-ordered sequence of events, like everything physical. A human mind is a time-ordered series of momentary experiences. This very human series is dependent upon the more elaborate time sequence of its host brain.
This equation is at the heart of quantum physics. It means that energy is proportional to quantum frequency. Its reciprocal is wavelength.
How Are The Mind And Brain Related?
Frequency and wavelength can thus be obtained from time sequence patterns without reliance on either waves or particles. Space-time is thus made of temporally-defined quanta, as is everythingin this theory. A 4-D time lattice of events can be constructed, which corresponds to the space-time continuum. As well as providing a superior foundation for physics, this eventism solves the mind-body problem.
Space instead becomes a purely phenomenal entity, like color.
A Neurologist Looks at Mind and Brain: “The Enchanted Loom”
We are led abruptly, by this way of understanding physics, to a panpsychic view of the world. The brain is thus a mental phenomenon. I know I have a mind —but I am not sure that I have a body; or sure of the physical world at all, actually. But what of this body? Does the physical plane exist?
Understanding Brain, Mind and Soul: Contributions from Neurology and Neurosurgery
Well, my mind exists, but do other minds exist? I seem to come into contact with other beings with minds constantly, but do they exist like mine? Either a these minds are independent minds, b they are figments of my mind, or c they are figments of another mind God?
But a and c have the same relevant implication, because both assert that I am not alone and that other minds exist. And it seems to me that my own mind cannot be the source of other minds because these other minds frequently act in ways I cannot predict or comprehend.
A Neurologist Looks at Mind and Brain: “The Enchanted Loom”
Therefore other minds exist independently of my own and of each other. These minds are distinct from each other. This means they cannot overlap, for then they would not be distinct. Now, we can say that the apparent external world must either be a physical, b mental with my own mind as the source, or c mental with another mind as the source God? Yet b and c cannot be the case, because if a mind was the source of the world, other minds could not exist within it, as minds can not overlap and remain independent, separate minds.
Yet minds do exist within the world I know mine and believe in others: So what of the relation between mind and body? Mind is what makes us human; our mind is us.Mind Brain Relationship
The purpose of the physical plane is to allow minds to meet and interact, which they could not do in a purely mental reality. Our bodies are anchors in this physical plateau for minds, and allow us to operate within it. I would say, however, that as interaction between minds is the purpose of physical reality, the mind might as well die with the body if it cannot interact with anything.
The brain is similarly a creation of the mind: So the brain is an idea of a non-spatial truth in perceptive terms, symbolizing the mind in the physical world: Thus the brain is the mind viewed in threedimensional physical space. The mind is of no physical space.
From the mind arises all creation. Yet the mind operates both within and without this world of appearances where you and I reside and communicate with one another by way of the five senses. But our senses merely represent the non-spatial reality that exists in perpetuity.
The spatial reality we create by our minds has both beginning and end. The mind enters the world, interacts in it for a while, and then leaves. The brain faithfully symbolizes the activity of the mind, as the body does the person — entering the spatial reality seemingly from nowhere, growing into a flourishing being, and finally turning to dust, perhaps leaving an inanimate trace for a time. Thus the mind plays a role within three-dimensional space, taking on form and building a life story — the brain that takes up space merely being the mind manifested into physical flesh.
But without the mind the brain fails its purpose. And without the brain the mind finds its door into the physical play shut. It may perhaps still be able to observe the physical world of space, but it cannot interact in it. It has lost its role in the play. It can be nothing more now than the audience. Its means of communication can only be non-spatial. Arthur Telling, Berkeley, CA If our consciousness stems from the brain, we must confront the idea that simple atoms which ordinarily make up the rocks and the stones can, when arranged in a particular way, think for themselves, and feel complex emotions such as pride and jealousy.